Electoral College : A Unique System Of Electing President And Vice President
By constitution, US has a unique system of electing President and Vice President.
Every four years elections are being held. On the Election Day voters do not choose President directly choose electors who will represent their will, hence voters indirectly choose a President and Vice President.
Electoral College consists of 538 electors. It includes 100 Senators, and every state has 2 Senators regardless the population. District of Columbia has the same number of electors as the state with least number of citizens which is currently 3. States also have more electors depending of population. Number of electors can change every 10 years depending on migrations between states.
Electors are being elected directly by voters. US citizens vote for presidential candidate but they actually choose those electors who had pledged to vote for their party’s presidential candidate. In most of the states “winner takes it all” rule is applied, which means, if a certain presidential candidate has majority of votes in the state he will get all votes. That means if a candidate has majority of votes, all of the state electors will be from his party. Those electors are expected to listen the will of people and vote for the candidate from their party, which is not always the case. Only two states have different system- Maine and Nebraska. These states electors are being voted by popular vote- Presidential candidate will get almost same percentage of electors as the percentage…