Effects of Emotional Intelligence on Leadership Essay examples

3163 Words Feb 9th, 2012 13 Pages
The Effects of Emotional Intelligence on Leadership
Eric Rowen
Chicago School of Professional Psychology

Abstract
This paper will encompass a discussion about emotional intelligence (E.I.), its varied definitions, applications to leadership, and potential areas of concern. It begins by outlining the ability-based model of E.I. set forth by Mayer, Caruso, and Salovey and their Multifactor Emotional Intelligence Scale. Next, the mixed and trait-based constructs of emotional intelligence are discussed by examining Daniel Goleman’s definition of E.I., along with some of his claims about its effects on leadership in the workplace. From a scientific standpoint, relationships between emotional intelligence and transformational leadership
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The main difference between ability-based E.I. and mixed-model ones is that mixed-models tend to incorporate personality traits like empathy into fold. This addition is convenient for understanding and explaining how people can be skilled with their emotions, but makes it difficult to operationally define E.I. as its own concept. While these conceptualizations offer some insight into how emotional intelligence can influence everyday life, they lack construct validity and undermine respect of the field within the scientific community (Mayer, Caruso, & Salovey, 2000). However, they do make E.I. a concept that is more easily relatable and are part of the reason this field has grabbed so much attention. One famous example of a proponent of the mixed-model theory is Daniel Goleman, the author responsible for bringing the idea of emotional intelligence outside of academia and into the public eye with his use of easily understandable language and elucidating anecdotes.
A Mixed-Model Approach
In his publications about emotional intelligence, Daniel Goleman breaks the concept down into four categories of skills and attributes: self-awareness, self-management, social awareness and relationship management. He claims that excelling in these four areas has very practical applications to the skills needed for success in the workplace and as a leader (Goleman, 2011). Self-awareness is the ability

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