Essay about Economic Effects On Non Communicable Diseases

1525 Words Mar 29th, 2015 7 Pages
Even when working on projects unrelated to health, the policies and actions of economic institutions have an impact on health in the countries in which their policies are enacted. Macroeconomic activities are strongly correlated with health outcomes; for example, a rise in the health of a country’s population may lead to an increase in economic output, or vise versa (LSHTM (b) 2014).
Economic programs that increase wealth, productivity, and/or trade can impact both infectious and non-communicable disease trends. Regarding economic activity and infectious diseases, income and wealth affect the environment in which people reside; individuals with limited economic means may reside in crowded or polluted areas with poor sanitation where pathogens easily reproduce and spread (LSHTM (c) 2014). Furthermore, increased trade brings with it increased international movement of people, animals, and goods, which affects the movement of disease (LSHTM (c) 2014). Macroeconomic activities can also have a variety of effects on non-communicable diseases (NCDs), ranging from increased exposures to harmful goods such as alcohol, tobacco, or firearms, to differing food availabilities and risks, introducing unhealthy foods, undernutrition, foodborne illness, and rising food costs, among other consequences (LSHTM (b) 2014).
The World Trade Organization’s Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures, for example, set in place legally binding food safety and plant and animal health measures in order to…

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