Diana Baumrind's Four Levels Of Parenting

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Diana Baumrind has four different styles of parenting which include, Authoritative Parenting, Authoritarian Parenting, Permissive-Indulgent Parenting, and Permissive-Uninvolved Parenting. (Santrock, 2010) Four dimensions, Four styles is based on four interactions between the child and the parent such as parental control, maturity demands, clarity of communications, and nurturance, In understanding “parental control”, parents work together to enforce the rules toward the child. (Santrock, 2010) “Maturity demand” is when parents expect their children to act to their appropriate maturity level based upon ones age. “Clarity of communications” is when parents are able to communicate well with their children in order to solve problems, and voice …show more content…
(Santrock, 2010) The pre-conventional morality is based upon children nine years of age and younger, some older, who are shaped to understand morals and certain rules set by the standards of the adult figure. The adult justifies to the young individual of consequences for breaking the rules are based upon the action of breaking the rule. Level one is conducted into two stages, stage 1 which is obedience and punishment orientation and stage two which is individualism and exchange. (Santrock, 2010) Stage one states that “child/individual is good in order to avoid being punished. If a person is punished they must have done wrong.” As for the second stage, children are able to recognize that different people have different views on situations and punishments. Level 2, the conventional morality, involves the older adolescents and adulthood and begins to incorporate the values that should be honored by the older generations and become role models for the younger individuals. (Santrock, 2010) The authority of one is respected, but no longer questioned based on the social norms that are expected. The third and fourth stage of Conventional morality includes good interpersonal relationship and maintaining a social order. Based on the actions of a action a child displays and good behavior is portrayed through individuals in society, this individual or child gains the approval of others and forms good interpersonal relationships. (Santrock, 2010) Individuals who are in stage four of Kohlburg’s development act in appropriate behavior to avoid any type of rule breaking that might result in law enforcement and obey the rules to dodge judgment that might be placed by society. The final level of the

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