To Kill A Mockingbird Moral Development Analysis

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Kohlberg’s theory of moral development was created by a man named Lawrence Kohlberg. He was a professor at Harvard, as well as a psychology. Subsequently, he decided to move into the moral education field. He believed that there are three levels of moral development; each level is divided into two individual stages. His theory was influenced by the thinking of the Swiss psychologist, Piaget; American philosopher, John Dewey; and American philosopher/ psychologist, James Mark Baldwin. These levels are preconventional, conventional, and postconventional. In order to test his theory, he took a group of people, of different ages, and presented them with a hypothetical event (Barger, Ph.D.). In the novel, To Kill A Mockingbird, Jem went through …show more content…
At this part of the book, Jem’s father, Atticus is assigned to defend an African American man, named Tom Robinson who is charged with rape. His father knew beforehand that he would lose this case due to him going against 100 years of history. Jem didn’t really put that much thought into the chances of him winning the case, but as he observed the trial, he confidently said, “ We’re gonna win, Scout. I don’t see how we can’t” (202). He knows there was no physical evidence that remotely suggested the claims made by Mayella Ewell are true. This shows that Jem is in the fifth stage because he had faith in the jury to follow the basic rights of humans and deliver an honorable verdict. Sadly, this didn’t happen like Jem expected it to. Before the case was brought to court, every white person in Maywell County had made up their mind. They firmly believed that Tom was guilty, so there is no expectation for them to have an unbiased …show more content…
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“Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development

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