Complications Of Health: The Multiple Determinants Of Population Health

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According to Kindig and Stoddart, population health model creates the knowledge and solutions of health differences among different groups. The determinants of health are to explore the distribution of health in different groups to conclude the good or poor outcomes (kindig & Stoddart, 2003). The multiple determinants of health derived from five domains such as the social and economic environment, the physical environment, genetics, medical care, and behavior related health. In book of Jonas and Kovner’s “Health Care Delivery in the United States”, mentioned that according to Institute of Medicine (2003, P.52), determinants of population health of human being in his entire life span considered for outcomes by Individual behavior, Innate individual traits including age, sex, and biological factors and the biology of disease, Social, Family, and Community networks, and Living and Working Conditions.

Living and Working conditions are inclusive of:

Psychosocial factors
Employment status and occupational factors
Socioeconomic status (incomes, education, occupation)
The natural and built environments
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Collaboration between CDC and other private and public sectors innovating the practices to enhance healthy lifestyles pattern to avoid cardiac diseases (CDC, 2013). Disparity based on age, gender, race/ethnicity, geographic area, and socioeconomic status are to be taken into consideration. Prevalence of risk factors, access to treatment on timely manner, studying of treatment outcomes and mortality rate are some of the critaria to studied for evaluation of effective implementation of health programs (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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