Heart Disease Essay

1484 Words 6 Pages
Heart disease is a major health issue in the United States. It effects all genders, races, and ethnicities. The heart disease epidemic peaked in the mid-1960s. CHD rose from the late 19th century and hit hard in the 20th century. By 1960, it killed one third of Americans. In 1978, it was discovered that there was a 20% decline in heart disease between 1968 and 1978. Many methods since the rise of CHD were used to study CHD and what caused the decline in mortality. Two programs were created, epidemiological surveillance and epidemiological modeling. Both were in place to research weather decreased mortality was the result of prevention or treatment. Comparing the action plan for the Tuberculosis decline, Atherosclerosis Research in Communities, …show more content…
It is the leading cause of death in both men and women and also the leading cause of death for people of most racial and ethnic groups in the United States. About 610,000 people die of heart disease in the United States, that is 1 in every 4 deaths. Heart disease refers to several types of heart conditions. The most common type of heart disease is Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). CHD kills over 370,000 people annually. Smoking, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol are risk factors for heart disease. About half of Americans have at least one of these risk factors. Lifestyle choices such as poor diet, physical inactivity, and excessive alcohol use can put people at higher risk for heart disease. These choices lead to obesity and diabetes which effects heart health. Heart disease cost the United States about $207 billion each year. This amount includes the cost of health care services, medications, and lost …show more content…
The IMPACT mortality model quantified the utilization and impact of an intervention to calculate the total number of deaths prevented. He discovered 36% was due to decreased smoking, 10% to coronary care, 9% to treatment of hypertension. Simon collaborated with research in many countries and found similar findings around the world.
Modeling has become a popular tool in cardiovascular epidemiology. It can explain past declines as well as predict the future possibilities. But modeling has its limitations. They share credit between prevention and medical care but they haven’t provided guidance to policymakers about resource allocation. While the models accounted for a decline, they unrealized potential of prevention and treatment.
Surveillance programs noticed the decline in CHD had dropped from 4% in the late 1970s to 3% in the 1980s. This was accompanied by a rise in obesity. It is believed that the public simply lost interest in prevention and treatment. The repeated prevention messages of healthy diet, exercise, and not smoking had lost its novelty. The rate of decline in the 1990s slowed from 3% to 2.7%. and had become the leading cause of death in most countries across the world. Simon Capewell had used the IMPACT model to explore the decline. It had also shown that the people were tired from prolonged campaigns for prevention and because of this, decades of progress would

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