# Non Programmed Decision Making Theory

1096 Words 5 Pages
Decision making theory

PREVIEW
Decision making is the core of the planning phase. Decision making is an essential process of identifying the problems and resolving them. This report will presents information on decision making and how it relates to the first management function of planning. Also, there are two types of decision; programmed and non-programmed. A programmed decision is structured decision made in response to a situation that has occurred often enough or repetitive, non-programmed decision is poorly defined and mostly unstructured. Different types of decisions are classified under conditions of certainty; using linear programming; risk, or uncertainty depending on which the future environment determining the outcomes of these
Implementation of the selected alternative

This stage in the decision making process is the ability to translate the chosen alternative into an action in the real world.

Evaluation of results and feedback

Finally, this stage is the final step in decision making process that tell how well the decision was implemented and did it was effective in achieving the desired goals. Also, feedback is so important because it is the part of monitoring that assess whether a new decision must be made.

Vision

This process is not mentioned in the seven steps of the decision making process, it an additive stage or preferable stage; which is the ability of the manager and the organization leaders to engage imaginations in such a way as to develop and serve the desired goal with a sense of creativity to future desired level that will be the next goal of the achieved present goal.

Decision making
"Simulated model"
2-judgement and experience.

Defiantly, the most desired model is the mathematical model, which we will discuss its structure phase and role.

Mathematical modeling in decision making process

The aim of this work is to represent the most important characteristics of human behavior in the decision making process.
All mathematical models consists of some main components which are:
# Decision Variables: A mathematical symbols representing levels of the activity.

# Objective function: A mathematical expression that describes the problem 's aim either or minimizing.

# Constraints: A set of restrictions or limitations placed by the environment.

# Parameters: A numerical coefficients and constants used in the objective function.

Also, there are two types of mathematical models, those are:
1-Determinstic Model: Is as model with all uncontrollable inputs are known and there is no chance of

• ## Risk Management Plan

However, it is important to be well prepared before conducting an interview. b. Delphi method: systematic, interactive forecasting procedure based on independent and anonymous input regarding future events. c. Brainstorming: Group attempts to generate idea regarding a specific problem. Thus a list of risk can be created. d. SWOT analysis: This can help us in finding risks and opportunities.…

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• ## Overdoing The Strategic Planning Process

Predetermined reviews against the plan Milestones should be setup throughout the plan to review the progress. The milestones look at what activities should be in progress, completed or not started at given times in the plan. Checking to make sure the activities meet the milestones will help determine if the plan is on, ahead or behind schedule. If the plan is on or ahead of schedule, then the plan is still viable. If the plan is behind schedule, then there is a possibility the plan will fail.…

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• ## Similarities Between Risk Management And Project Portfolios

Identifying and managing risks is a critical responsibility of project managers. Risk is defined as the probability of a specified threat and the subsequent impact that the event produces (Vaidyanathan, 2013). Risks can also bring about either positive or negative outcomes for a project or organization. A project manager must identify potential risks and evaluate each one to determine the severity and likelihood of each event. Only by completing the risk management process, a project manager can determine what approach would work best to avoid, mitigate, and/or transfer the risk.…

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• ## Belbin Model

Also, from this, ask yourself which strengths are likely to be lacking in the team overall? II. Is there a prevalent team role that many of the team members share? 5. When you have distinguished potential shortcoming, territories of contention and missing qualities, consider the alternatives you need to enhance and change this.…

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• ## Decision-Making And Problem-Solving Processes

Decision-Making and Problem-Solving Processes Decision making and problem solving is selecting the most logical choice to a problem from the variety of solutions. Decision making is completed by members of management need. Problem solving can be done by non-management. To make a good decision and to solve a problem, you first have to analyze the positives and negatives of each solution and evaluate the alternatives. When making an effective decision you must be able to forecast the outcome of each solution and determine which option is best for the issue at hand.…

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• ## Requirements Engineering Case Study

Robinson has provided that many inconsistencies come from conflicting goals; therefore, inconsistency management should proceed at the goal level [7]. Reasoning about inconsistencies needs methods for representing overlapping descriptions and inconsistency relationships. Also, a viewpoint mechanisms have been proposed for recording independent descriptions into modular structures; such structures are related by consistency rules and linked to specific stakeholders participated in the elicitation process [8, 9]. An approach like in [7] for identifying conflicts at requirements level and stamping them as differences at goal level. Accordingly, solved differences are down propagated to the requirements level.…

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• ## Sun Tzu Five Conditions Of The Field Analysis

Your methodology must be complete and disciplined because your information gathering more often than not will be incomplete. This matrix of thought and discipline achieves results. Each constant is examined separately by applying as best you can the seven conditions on each. Sun Tzu constantly adjusts and is flexible in his methods because the field conditions can change or are different than what they may appear. Developing your own methodology of inquiry and assessment of the inquiry results is critical to gaining your desired outcomes.…

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• ## Evaluate How Leadership Styles Can Be Adapted To Different Situations?

1.Explain the link between strategic management and leadership? Strategic management __ Defined as a set of decisions and actions which strategic management undertakes resulting in the formulation and implementation of strategies in order to achieve objectives and proceed about attaining them. Strategic Management is all about making and implementing decisions and identifying the direction in which an organization is moving. Strategic management typically involves : Strategic management analyze internal and external strengths and weaknesses. * Formulate action plans * Execute action plans *Review the outcomes and make changes when desired results are not being produced.…

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• ## Why Is It Important To Clarify A Mission?

51). When assessing both the external and internal environments of the organization leaders will need to understand that strengths and weakness are typically internal to the organization, identifying their current ability, and opportunities and threats tend to be external to an organization displaying future potential that can be either positive or negative in nature. It is important for an organization to asses these forces because often times organizations fall victim to only focusing on the negative or threatening aspects of challenges and miss the opportunity to focus on the strengths and abilities they do have (Bryson, 2011, p. 52). One way an organization is able to assess their strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges is through conducting a SWOC or SWOT…

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