Essay on Capital Punishment : The Death Penalty
October 25, 2016
Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, dates back to the beginning of recorded history. It is mentioned in Hammurabi’s code, the Babylonian code of conduct, which is the oldest law scripture in the world. When the death penalty was first introduced to the United States of America in the seventeenth century, it was an acceptable punishment for minor offenses, as well as major ones (Part I: History of the Death Penalty). Since then, the death sentence has been modified so that it is only used for the most serious offenses. Due to the gravity of the consequences it entails it is a highly divided issue, with merit both for and against it. People who oppose the death penalty will attest that the death penalty is a long, tedious, and expensive process, furthermore that capital punishment is immoral since in its essence it is controlled murder; with the added possibility of convicting an innocent person. Supporters would argue that that the death penalty will deter crime, along with both providing the victim’s family with closure and assuring a painless death to the executed. In both Roper vs. Simmons and House vs. Bell, the supreme court found that capital punishment should be limited. As will be proven soon, the death penalty should not be a form a punishment in the United States due to its ample costs, its risk of taking innocent lives, and its violation of American integrity.