Alternatives To Capital Punishment: Abolishment To Crime

1971 Words 8 Pages
For as long as humans have lived in groups, a concept of punishment by the group on the individual has existed. Overtime this concept has evolved into the forms of justice we see today. Across the world, ideas of what constitutes adequate punishment to crime vary hugely. This difference is due to different social ideas of what is a fair response to delinquency. However an undeniable trend has been the abolishment of capital punishment. More and more countries are turning away from using this, the most ultimate of punishment. In fact only 24 countries executed people in 2014 compared to 42 in 1995. It’s not merely countries choosing not to use it either, it has been enshrined in international treaties. This would appear to indicate that more …show more content…
One of the main alternatives to capital punishment is giving people life imprisonment. However this is clearly not an ideal solution as it costs huge levels of money to keep people in prison. This follows the utilitarian point of view in such that, it is best to do the action which leads to the greatest good. Taking into account that the amount to keep someone in prison in the UK costs (as a low estimate) £30,000 a year and combining that with the fact it can cost a mere £200-£1000 to save a life in the a less economically developed country, an example would be a charity claims that providing malaria nets would lead to a life saved per each £1000 donated. Other estimations fluctuate, as would be expected. But even at the higher end at £1000 it appears that you could save around 30 lives for the cost of keeping a person in prison for a year. An exchange of 30 lives for 1 life seems like …show more content…
There is clearly a vocal debate on this statement across the entire legal system. However as all prospects of a negative outcome deter some (assuming the criminal is a fit state of mind). It is a truism. Capital punishment being the most severe of all possible criminal sanctions, is clearly the least likely of all criminal sanctions to violate that idea. However some people would argue that in some cases life imprisonment can be worse as the perpetrator has to think for his whole life about what he did. However if this is true it would mean that the death penalty is not actually severe as life imprisonment. In which case we give out life imprisonment which is harsher punishment we should have no qualms about giving out a less severe sanction in the form of the death penalty. The state has a moral duty to protect its citizens and therefore not to utilise the ultimate deterrent in times of need is a failure on their

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