Animal Experiments - Is it really worth it?
Animal experimentation is a very controversial topic, with many people for it and many people against it. Numerous organisations have been created that oppose animal experimentation, one of the most well-known being People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). However, there are also large companies that conduct or support animal testing such as Covance, a contract research organisation based in the US that supplies drug development services and animal testing facilities. PETA is a non-profit organisation, and the largest animal rights organisation in the world, with over 3 million members and supporters. They campaign against animal research, with the slogan "Animals are not ours to
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On the other hand, the experiments on animals will produce such great benefits for humanity that it is morally acceptable to harm a few animals. Animal research has played a vital role in nearly every medical breakthrough over the last decade. Also, nearly every Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine since 1901 has relied on animal data for their research. However, these experiments are only acceptable if (and only if) the suffering of the animals is minimalised in all experiments, and if human benefits are gained which could not be obtained by using other methods. The majority of the animals that are experimented on are mice and rats, and there are several reasons for this. One is that of convenience; they are small, easy to house and maintain, and can adapt well to new surroundings. Additionally, they reproduce rapidly and have a short lifespan, two or three years, so multiple generations of them can be observed in a short space of time. Most of the mice and rats used are inbred so that, other than sex differences, they are almost identical genetically which helps make the results of medical trials more uniform. Another reason mice are used as models in medical testing is because we share 95% of our genes with them, so their genetic, biological and