The Immorality of Abortion
Religion, personal rights, or science normally fuels the debate on abortion. However abortion can be looked at philosophically and debated whether it is moral or immoral. In this paper I will argue that abortion is immoral because it deprives the zygote from any future life.
In The Journal of Philosophy, Don Marquis argues in his essay, “Why Abortion is Immoral” that abortion is wrong because it deprives the fetus of a ‘future like ours’. I agree with his claim, but feel his overall argument is weak because of word fetus and the statement ‘future like ours’. His use of the word fetus was told to represent all stages of pregnancy, since that was not his debate. However in my
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McInerney makes a clear argument that, “killing a fetus is morally very different from killing a normal adult human”(McInerney). He claims that Marquis’ argument is not valid because of, “The unexamined premise in the argument…that a fetus already has a future-like-ours of which it can be deprived. For the argument to be convincing, it is necessary that a fetus at its time "possess" or be related to a future-like-ours in a way that allows the transfer from the wrongness of killing us persons to the wrongness of killing fetuses”(McInerney). McInerney is explaining that in order for Marquis theory to be correct that fetus has to posses a personal future like ours, and according to him it does not. He goes on to say that a fetus is very different from normal adult humans. He claims that, “Philosophical investigations of personal identity through time have revealed the complexity of the biological and psychological connections between the earlier and later stages of one person. These significant differences invalidate the claim that a fetus has a personal future in the same way that a normal adult human has a personal future”(McInerney). McInerney is saying that the personal futures of an adult and a fetus are not the same. Therefore the statement that it is wrong to kill adults because it deprives them of a future has no correlation to the statement that it is wrong to abort fetuses because a fetus’ personal future is not the same