Oligarchy

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  • Greek Oligarchy Government

    The word oligarchy comes from the Greek root words oligos (which means “few”) and arkhein (which means “rule”). Between about 800 B.C.E. and 650 B.C.E., most Greek city-states were ruled by a small group of men. These men were called oligarchs, and they often ruled like kings who shared power together. The oligarchs of ancient Greece used their power to make sure they could: • Spend their days hunting or taking part in chariot races • Host and attend parties The oligarchs of ancient Greece also used their power to ignore the needs of the people. They ruled by: • Passing laws that made the rich people richer • Increasing taxes for poor people • Using the army to force the people to obey their laws. Over time, hatred for the oligarchs grew. Eventually, the poor people turned to other leaders who promised to improve their lives. Typically, these new leaders were generals in the army who would use their soldiers to throw the oligarchs out of power. By 650 B.C.E., a stable oligarchy ruled only one city-state: Sparta, which was ruled by two kings who shared…

    Words: 1020 - Pages: 5
  • Best Form Of Oligarchy In Aristotle's Politics

    B1. In Aristotle’s ‘Politics’ the best form of democracy and the best form of oligarchy seem to be highly similar. In order to fully understand these forms of government one must be able to further understand certain topics mentioned in book IV of the ‘Politics’. First, one must comprehend the analogy of gymnastics with politics and why Aristotle used this example. Secondly, the bad forms of oligarchy and democracy and why they are bad. Finally, the good forms of oligarchy and democracy and what…

    Words: 957 - Pages: 4
  • Ancient Greece: Oligarchy, Monarchy And Democracy

    Introduction Ancient Greek societies had their fair share of political powers, its rulers and the systems that came with it. In a nation that is considered the forefathers of western culture, it is fascinating to see the various forms of government that people in this society faced on a daily basis. Of course there was often cause for strife in these forms, and each of them served as a building block for its various government system. Specifically, monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny. oligarchy and…

    Words: 838 - Pages: 4
  • Oligarchy And Democracy: Is America A True Democracy?

    Based on Aristotle’s definitions of Oligarchy and Democracy, can America be considered a true democracy? Aristotle points out several forms of government throughout his “Democracy and Oligarchy”. In this work, Aristotle focuses primarily on democracy and oligarchy and makes a strong effort through the use of definitions to distinguish between the many instances these two forms of government are able to exist in and the differences between the them. Using Aristotle’s definitions, let us diagnose…

    Words: 774 - Pages: 4
  • The Three Forms Of Government In Ancient Greece

    country with their own political system. This is why even though greece was a country on its own the cities had individual ways of government. Three of the ways of government are Oligarchy, Tyranny, and Democracy. Oligarchy is defined as “a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution,” In ancient greece those in control were always chosen by being the richest and most powerful men of their city state. These men chosen were usually landowners. How rich…

    Words: 997 - Pages: 4
  • Athenian Democracy: The Role Of Democracy In Ancient Greece

    extremely diverse across the many city-states and varied greatly over time. Depending on the area of Greece and the era, the power could have been in the hands of one person, in either a Monarchy or a Tyranny, in the hands of a few, in an Oligarchy or an Aristocracy and lastly, in the hands of every single male citizen, as seen in a Democracy. Last week we became somewhat familiar with Ancient Athenian government and the roles it played in introducing the concept of Democracy to the world.…

    Words: 943 - Pages: 4
  • Inequity In Plato's The Republic

    They arise from the misunderstood permeated in the very foundations of ordinary states. Inequality is the result of bad and over-simplistic ideas about justice. These ideas have consequences, and many times lead to revolutions. Nor democracy nor Oligarchy are excluded from the possibility and reality of revolutions. Democracy, however, being by definition formed by the idea of making everyone equals, is considered by Aristotle to be more stable than Oligarchy, which is lead by extreme views of…

    Words: 2173 - Pages: 9
  • Aristotle And Aristotle's Four Forms Of Government

    many forms of government because every state is composed of a unique combination of elements. He addresses the perspectives of other writers; Aristotle mentions Plato’s books in particular. Plato recognizes four principal forms of rule. These forms are monarchy, oligarchy, democracy, and aristocracy. In The Politics, Aristotle includes a fifth form of government. This form is termed polity, or constitutional government. Although it is uncommon and is not universally recognized, Aristotle…

    Words: 1110 - Pages: 4
  • The Role Of Monarchy In Ancient Greece

    mean evil intentions. Archaic tyrants are documented to have governed temperately and thought to have been appointed by the gods. Though they heavily influenced which magistrates would be chosen, once they were elected they were allowed to rule as they saw fit as long as they abided by the (usually loosely based) legislation. Tyrants also gained a lot of popularity by undertaking large construction projects. However, their rule rarely lasted more than two generations. While the first generation…

    Words: 893 - Pages: 4
  • Socrates Constitution Analysis

    In Book V, Socrates was about to explain his views of injustice. He was going argue examples of injustice, but then Polemarchus and Adeimantus asked him to continue his views about the Guardians. In Book VIII Socrates finally returns to his views and gives examples of unjust societies and unjust men. There is a total of five types of constitutions. Within these five there are four bad constitutions and one good. The four bad constitutions are listed in order; Timocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy, and…

    Words: 1210 - Pages: 5
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