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  • Hip Dislocation Case Study

    pain to follow. The patient is most likely suffering from a posterior hip dislocation. A hip dislocation can damage the bones, ligaments, muscles, vessels, and nerves of the region. The hip joint is a ball and socket joint composed of the head of the femur bone and the acetabulum of the pelvic bone. A band of fibrocartilage deepens the acetabulum. A fibrous joint capsule surrounds the coxofemoral joint.…

    Words: 895 - Pages: 4
  • Knee Structure

    The knee is a very complex structure and an essential joint that needs to be fully functioning for all athletes. It is one of the most complicated structures and the largest joint in our body (Marieb & Hoehn, 2013). The ligaments are what keep the knee in place and allow us to move and be mobile. This structure is also the most vulnerable because it is the part of our body that bears the most weight and pressure and needs to be flexible in order to maintain its purpose. We need our knees to…

    Words: 1355 - Pages: 5
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament

    There are many different parts to the knee, 2 bones, tibia and femur, 2 groups of muscles, quadriceps, which straightens the leg and the hamstrings which flex the knee. The knee cap, or the patella, which is the largest sesamoid bone in the body, synovial membranes, joints, cartilage, tendons, 4 ligaments, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), medial cruciate ligament (MCL) and the lateral cruciate ligament (LCL). There are also sac like pouches called menisci…

    Words: 804 - Pages: 4
  • Collateral Ligament Essay

    the posterior cruciate ligament(PCL). The PCL is in the middle of the knee and works with the ACL to prevent the tibia(shin bone) from sliding underneath the femur(thighbone). Finally, the last is the ACL. ACL stands for Anterior Cruciate Ligament. The ACL is in the middle of the knee and it stops the tibia from sliding out in front of the femur. Some studies have shown that women are 2 to 10 time more likely to tear their ACL than a man is. While there is no single answer, doctors believe…

    Words: 366 - Pages: 2
  • Backwards Marching Research Paper

    This movement requires the use of the knees, which includes tibiofemoral joint and the femoropatellar joint. The tibiofemoral joint is a type of synovial joint called a hinge joint, which is located where femur and tibia articulate, allowing only movement in one plane, but can perform flexion, extension, slight rotation when it is flexed, and diarthrotic. However, the tibiofemoral joint is used during backwards marching to implement extension, the straightening…

    Words: 1988 - Pages: 8
  • Knee Arthroplasty Step By Step Simulation Report

    tibia is shown in fig. 2(a) where the menus for adjusting the simulation is shown. In knee arthroplasty, virtual saw is used to cut the bones in the knee from front to back. This method of cutting enable the virtual saw to penetrated tibia and then femur part of the knee. The tracker is an interface that is attached to the surgical instrument to track the position and attitude of the virtual tool. There were complex change produced in the three separate structures in the knee anatomy which were…

    Words: 1242 - Pages: 5
  • Cruciate Ligament Research Paper

    They are often referred to the ‘crucial’ ligaments because it is important that the help the knee with stability. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) prevents forward movement of the tibia in relation to the femur, and controls rotational movement of the 3CHANCES WHILE HIKINGtibia under the femur. The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) prevents…

    Words: 517 - Pages: 3
  • Popliteus Muscle

    the lateral femoral condyle, and distally on the fibular head. The popliteus muscle was observed on the superoposterior area of the tibia. Its fibers run up and lateral in an oblique orientation toward the lateral condyle of the femur. On the lateral condyle of the femur, the poplitues tendon inserted inferior and beneath the LCL (Figure 1). This finding concurs the data reported by Zeng et al (2011), and in contrast with the findings of LaPrade et al (2003) and Brinkman et al (2005). The PFL…

    Words: 1564 - Pages: 7
  • Idiopathic Clubfoot: A Case Study

    There have been Many theories on the etiology of idiopathic clubfoot including vascular deficiencies [34], environmental factors, in utero positioning [23], abnormal muscle insertions [9], and genetic factors [28, 30]. Of the multi-factorial factors associated with the origin, genetic factors appear to a role as suggested by the 33% concordance of identical twins and the fact that about 25% of cases are familial. Ponseti method (popularised by Ignacio Ponseti) of treatment of clubfoot involves…

    Words: 1139 - Pages: 5
  • Function Of The Knee Analysis

    sits behind the ACL attaching to the posterior intercondylar area of the tibia, anteriorly moving to the intercondylar fossa of the femur. This prevents the tibia to extend too far backwards and the femur slipping forwards. Conversely, the ACL crosses in front of the PCL. It connects to the anterior area of the tibia and rises posteriorly to the intercondylar of the femur. Consequently, this represses forward extension of the…

    Words: 842 - Pages: 4
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