Brachial plexus

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  • Volkmann's Contracture: A Case Study

    Volkmann’s Contracture Emily Matherne 12/12/15 A Volkmann’s contracture is a deformity of the hand, fingers, and wrist caused by injury to the muscles of the forearm. Another commonly used name is Ischemic Contracture. This deformity happens when there is a lack of blood flow to the forearm, which occurs when there is an increased pressure due to swelling causing a condition called compartment syndrome. Compartment syndrome can cause a Volkmann’s contracture. Injury to the arm, including a crash injury or fracture, leads to swelling that presses on blood vessels and decreases blood flow to the arm. When a person has prolonged blood flow it injures the nerves and muscles, causing them to become stiff and shortened. The muscle shortens and pulls on the joint at the end of the muscle just as it would if it were normally contracted, however because it is stiff, the joint remains bent and stuck. This condition is called a contracture. More specifically in a Volkmann’s contracture, the muscles of the forearm are severely injured, which leads to deformities of the fingers, hand, and wrist. There are three levels of severity in a Volkmann’s contracture mild, moderate, and severe. A mild contracture consists of two or three fingers only, with no or limited loss of feeling in the hand. A moderate contracture includes all fingers. They are usually bent or flexed with the thumb stuck in the palm. Another moderate scenario is where the wrist is bent and stuck, and there is…

    Words: 947 - Pages: 4
  • Linear Trauma

    This paper introduces the portion of the lower arm called the forearm. The two bones contained within the forearm are described in detail, briefly mentioning their relation to one another. The relevant names and descriptions are depicted of the common bone breaks, dislocations, and the process of acquiring radiographic images in order to identify such forearm trauma. It is pertinent to always get a little more than just the injured bone in the x-ray to rule out something significant just past…

    Words: 1251 - Pages: 6
  • Personal Narrative: The First Clinical Experience

    My partner and I were designated to help care for an elderly gentleman who recently had an ischemic stroke. Our resident was sleeping in a chair in the center room and neither of us wanted to wake him until it was time for breakfast. I asked one of the LPNs on the unit if she needed any help and she wanted us to take our residents vital signs before medication administration. We awakened him and walked him to his room to provide for privacy while we took his vital signs, which included taking…

    Words: 1158 - Pages: 5
  • Summary: The Gastrointestinal System

    contains the smooth muscle necessary for the gut to contract, mix and propel digestion forward. The outermost layer, the serosa is a connective tissue covering that secretes a fluid that prevents friction within the body as the gut contracts. The entire process of the gut contracting, mixing and propelling food is known as motility (Sherwood, 2010, p. 591-594). For the large and small intestines to be able to contract there is an enteric nervous system will special pacemaker cells called…

    Words: 786 - Pages: 4
  • Vital Signs Assessment Paper

    Procedure-blood pressure manual. Supplies needed: blood pressure cuff, sphygmomanometer and stethoscope 1. Position patient in conformable position with arm exposed, level with heart, palm up 2. Place appropriate size cuff 1 inch above the antecubital fossa. Cuff should be smooth, snug and attached to sphygmomanometer. 3. Place bell of stethoscope over the brachial artery and listen for pulse 4. Inflate cuff until you no longer hear pulse while watching sphygmomanometer 5. Slowly deflate blood…

    Words: 720 - Pages: 3
  • Pediatric Pathology

    medical and physical therapy treatments. Tibial Torsion, Fragile X, and Brachial Plexus injuries (Erb’s and klumpke’s palsy are among some of them. Tibial Torsion can be an internal or external rotation on the tibia in relation to the femur. Internal tibial torsion is an inward twisting of the tibia bone, which leads to…

    Words: 743 - Pages: 3
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    Symptoms including weakness and wasting of hand muscles, and numbness in the hand. Disputed TOS is caused by injury to the nerves in the brachial plexus. The most prominent symptom of the disorder is pain and other symptoms include weakness and fatigue. Venous is generally rare that affects men and women equally. The cause of this type of TOS remains unknown but often develops suddenly, frequently following prolonged limb exertion. Lastly, traumatic TOS is caused by traumatic or repetitive…

    Words: 1428 - Pages: 6
  • Cervical Stinger

    Stretcher?? With the recent head/neck injuries that were sustained this weekend by Washington Redskins players, Dashaun Phillips and Kyshoen Jarrett (a fellow Hokie!), after helmet-to-helmet hits with the Dallas Cowboys running back Darren McFadden I’ve decided to elaborate on what a “cervical stinger” is and how it can potentially be prevented. (Image from What is a “Cervical Stinger?” A “burner” or “stinger” occurs after an acute traumatic event, typically involving…

    Words: 1065 - Pages: 5
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Analysis

    Thoracic Outlet Syndrome The thoracic outlet is an area between the clavicle and the thoracic cage, located between the shoulder and the neck (Boezaart et al., 2010). Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) is a disorder characterized by the compression of neurovascular structures as they pass through the thoracic outlet, resulting in multiple diverse symptoms (Boezaart et al., 2010). By far the most common neurovascular structure affected by TOS is the brachial plexus, with 95-98% cases caused by its…

    Words: 1489 - Pages: 6
  • Anhidrosis Case Study Essay

    and will go and create a plexus for the innervation of the orbit, while other fibers will follow the external carotid artery and supply the sweat glands. Ptosis occurs when the sympathetic fibers supplying the superior tarsal muscle, responsible of elevating the eyelid, are compromised; therefore the patient’s upper eyelid is visibly dropping and the palpebral fissure becomes narrower. Anisicoria is the different dilation measure of the pupils. When the sympathetic fibers of the iris dilator…

    Words: 492 - Pages: 2
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