Brachial plexus

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    Introduction and Definition: The Brachial Plexus is a network of nerves that sends signals from your spine to your shoulder, arm and hand. It is a complex network with several divisions and branches to innervate the arm. These injuries can occur in various different ways and are known to cause muscle weakness or loss of motion within the affected arm. Falls, major trauma, and even birthing techniques can all cause this debilitating injury to occur in all ages of people. Ranging fro the C5 to the T1 vertebrae, the brachial plexus is one of the most important parts of the brachial nervous system! Disruption of the nerve channels and fibers that makes up the brachial plexus can not only cause pain and weakness for the individual; loss of function, and even temporary or permanent paralysis can completely alter every aspect of an individuals work, family, and lifestyle! In this research essay we will be exploring the anatomy, mechanisms of…

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    Linear Trauma

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    This paper introduces the portion of the lower arm called the forearm. The two bones contained within the forearm are described in detail, briefly mentioning their relation to one another. The relevant names and descriptions are depicted of the common bone breaks, dislocations, and the process of acquiring radiographic images in order to identify such forearm trauma. It is pertinent to always get a little more than just the injured bone in the x-ray to rule out something significant just past…

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    Volkmann’s Contracture Emily Matherne 12/12/15 A Volkmann’s contracture is a deformity of the hand, fingers, and wrist caused by injury to the muscles of the forearm. Another commonly used name is Ischemic Contracture. This deformity happens when there is a lack of blood flow to the forearm, which occurs when there is an increased pressure due to swelling causing a condition called compartment syndrome. Compartment syndrome can cause a Volkmann’s contracture. Injury to the arm, including…

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    medial epicondyle of the humerus and the deep head arising from the ulna head. These two heads has parallel muscle fibers inserting directly onto the middle of the radius. It is innervated by the median nerve arising from the medial epiconedyle that passes between the two heads pronator teres. This nerve gets pinched between the two heads causing pronator teres syndrome. One of the symptoms is numbness in the fingers digit one, two, three and half of digit four. Along the median nerve lies the…

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    Procedure-blood pressure manual. Supplies needed: blood pressure cuff, sphygmomanometer and stethoscope 1. Position patient in conformable position with arm exposed, level with heart, palm up 2. Place appropriate size cuff 1 inch above the antecubital fossa. Cuff should be smooth, snug and attached to sphygmomanometer. 3. Place bell of stethoscope over the brachial artery and listen for pulse 4. Inflate cuff until you no longer hear pulse while watching sphygmomanometer 5. Slowly deflate blood…

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    My partner and I were designated to help care for an elderly gentleman who recently had an ischemic stroke. Our resident was sleeping in a chair in the center room and neither of us wanted to wake him until it was time for breakfast. I asked one of the LPNs on the unit if she needed any help and she wanted us to take our residents vital signs before medication administration. We awakened him and walked him to his room to provide for privacy while we took his vital signs, which included taking…

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    contains the smooth muscle necessary for the gut to contract, mix and propel digestion forward. The outermost layer, the serosa is a connective tissue covering that secretes a fluid that prevents friction within the body as the gut contracts. The entire process of the gut contracting, mixing and propelling food is known as motility (Sherwood, 2010, p. 591-594). For the large and small intestines to be able to contract there is an enteric nervous system will special pacemaker cells called…

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    Wrist and upper-arm blood pressure monitors are mainstays of the blood pressure monitor industry, but some people find them a little bit too bulky or intimidating to be of any use. Finger blood pressure monitors provide a welcome and handy (no pun intended) alternative to these more popular models. A lot of people are suspicious of finger blood pressure monitors and believe them to be unreliable and ineffective when it comes to delivering a reliable reading of one’s blood levels. While it is…

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    Pediatric Pathology

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    medical and physical therapy treatments. Tibial Torsion, Fragile X, and Brachial Plexus injuries (Erb’s and klumpke’s palsy are among some of them. Tibial Torsion can be an internal or external rotation on the tibia in relation to the femur. Internal tibial torsion is an inward twisting of the tibia bone, which leads to…

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    Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

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    Symptoms including weakness and wasting of hand muscles, and numbness in the hand. Disputed TOS is caused by injury to the nerves in the brachial plexus. The most prominent symptom of the disorder is pain and other symptoms include weakness and fatigue. Venous is generally rare that affects men and women equally. The cause of this type of TOS remains unknown but often develops suddenly, frequently following prolonged limb exertion. Lastly, traumatic TOS is caused by traumatic or repetitive…

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