Allopatric speciation

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    Speciation is a process in which organisms within a population evolve to become a new species over time. Charles Darwin believed that eventually a single species will split off into two different populations, becoming two new species. Some of the speciation modes are allopatric and sympatric, and polyploidy is a mechanism of speciation. Allopatric Speciation Allopatric speciation is a common mode of speciation in which a population of a single species becomes divided, geographically isolating part of that species from the other part. This can happen when a physical barrier, such as a desert or a city, divides the populations where one group of a species is on one side and the other group is on the other side, apart from one another. Allopatric speciation can also occur when populations of a species drift apart or disperse. When allopatric speciation occurs, variations and unique characteristics can flourish within a population, but be entirely different from other species populations found elsewhere. These variations occur as a form of adaptation and survival in response to their…

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    Allopatric speciation is when a physical barrier separates a population, forcing it to diverge into two separate species. For example, the formation of the Grand Canyon caused the inhabited squirrels to diverge, as this newfound geographic isolation forced this originally single population into separate species because the individuals could only breed with those in their same location. Peripatric speciation still carries out the same separation from a physical barrier as with allopatric, but one…

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    species as it prevents speciation but causes diversity by combining two different gene pools. It decreases the differences between the two groups but inhibiting the creation of daughter species due to lack of barrier. Another effect of variation among a population is the genetic drift. This is when the frequency of different genotypes in a small population is altered due to disappearance of some genes due to random chance. The founder effect and the bottleneck effect also contributes to change…

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    Simpatric Speciation

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    This article caught my eye in the first place because it reminded me of the apple magot fly simpatric speciation that we have studied and understood quite clearly in class. My first response to the whole simpatric and allopatric speciation was clear and it seemed to me that the apple maggot fly speciaton proved this concept. However simpatric speciation with the jays are considerably more unexplanitory, complicated, and as the article indicates, "weird". Katie Langin is the biologist in this…

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    SPECIATION AND ADAPTATION Speciation is the evolution of biological species this is according to the Sage’s English dictionary and thesaurus. It is the continuous change in the genes of an existing specie until a formation of the new specie arise altogether. It is a result of two specie groups ceasing to share allele such that the genetic differences grow to the point of speciation. Many scientists have come up with different theories in an attempt to define and explain speciation, though…

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    and others adapted. In addition, there are too many similar or same traits that would not be parsimonious if they evolved multiple times for each of the different ancestors of the groups. 3. As discussed in class, explain the roles of r vs. k selection in the evolution of marine mammals. (2 points) R-selection allows evolution and adaptation to occur in shorter periods of time in comparison to K selection because r-selected groups have a shorter generational time and produce a larger number…

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    Sympatric Speciation

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    scale changes occurring over paleontological time periods. To be specific, current understanding on speciation arising from the concept of reproductive isolation and the gradual evolution of the reproductive isolating mechanisms helps one to appreciate the biological species concept. If two species share a common ancestor and are completely different, their allele frequencies has changed over time A phylogeny arranges the species in order to reflect the relatedness by descent from a common…

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    SCI203 Phase 2 Lab Essay

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    Name: Amanda Kranning Date: October 17, 2015 Instructor’s Name: Debora Ladner Assignment: SCI203 Phase 2 Lab Report TITLE: Speciation • Purpose o The purpose of this experiment is to determine the outcome of a barrier divide between two species. • Introduction o Natural selection is the evolutionary change due to variation in production of species with different variable characters. (Montgomery, n.d.) Such an example occurs when birds prefer red bugs due to possible taste or color than…

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    Forces Of Evolution Essay

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    Grey moths were able to reproduce more, and thus passed on their advantageous grey-coloring trait. Isolating mechanisms are factors which stop two members of the same species from interbreeding. This prevents mutations which may be detrimental and could potentially cause the organism to be sterile and unable to pass on its genetic material. Isolating mechanisms can either affect the ability of organisms to conceive, affect the ability of an organism to carry an embryo to term, ensuring…

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    Island Biogeography Paper

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    Currently, the species in the wetlands may be able to breed with those in the pond, however, after the construction of the road, species in the wetland on the upper side of the road will not be able to breed with those in the pond if they are not able to cross the road safely. Ecological speciation may occur, which is when divergent natural selection drives reproductive isolation causing speciation. Therefore, pond animals will experience their own divergent evolution, and may become…

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