Adipose tissue

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    Intramuscular adipose tissue or IMAT is a predictor of mobility function in a variety of metabolic, orthopedic, and neurological conditions treated at our practices. High level of IMAT are associated with muscle weakness, movement dysfunctions, and insulin resistance affecting motoric abilities. Although CT and MRI have been able to measured IMAT in several studies, there is a need for these imaging techniques to routinely quantify it. Comparisons between MRI and CT for IMAT identification have shown MRI is less harmful (due to no radiation), has higher sensitivity for identifying fatty tissues in muscle, and provides great anatomic details. The challenge with the MRI application in IMAT is that it is time consuming since many times manual segmentation is needed, making the process very difficult in small muscle areas. The relationship between IMAT and muscle fibers is extremely relevant when evaluating muscle dysfunction in patients with diabetes, stroke, and spinal cord injuries where muscle volume typically decreases. Muscle fat is highly associated to metabolic diseases, obesity, and physical inactivity mimicking the harmful influences typically generated by visceral adipose tissue. IMAT grows as we aged, therefore, there is an increased need to understand imaging testing related to this condition and also to make treatment adaptations…

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    BPA was introduced in the plastic industry and used as the base compound for the manufacture of polycarbonate plastic and the resin lining of food and beverage cans. BPA is also used an additive in other widely used plastics such as plyvinyl chloride and polyethylene terephthalate. BPA can leach from these polycarbonate containers under heat and either acidic or basic conditions, as these environmental factors accelerate the hydrolysis of the ester bond linking BPA monomers, leading to the…

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    The Atkins Diet Essay

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    The Atkins’ diet has helped many in weight loss and has been known to increase an individual’s health benefits. The basis of this particular diet insures that if one lowers their daily carbohydrate intake, it will, in turn, increase metabolism and body efficiency. This diet causes the body to use adipose tissue, or fat, for energy instead of the alternative, which is glucose, the hormone produced by carbohydrates. A person can experience weight loss steadily when the dieter follows through with…

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    One approach that could potentially lead to effectively helping this issue is that of adipose tissue, or the tissue that stores body fat. Once adipose tissue is examined at it’s core, assumptions can be made and research can continue. One source argues that, “Having disease status allows for the allocation of additional resources to support weight management, such as equipment for individuals experiencing obesity” (Penney 2015). While it’s known that this is the body fat tissue, determinations…

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    Obesity In Pets

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    American pets are considered to be obese. While the trend shows, it is more common for dogs to be obese, the rate at which cats are said to be obese is as high as 52% in the pet population (Miller). Obesity is a result of energy intake exceeding energy expenditure with the accumulation of excessive amounts of adipose tissue in the body (Butterwick, 2272S; Miller, 16). Yet another way to define obesity is to determine BCS or Body Condition Score. This is done in a systematic way and requires some…

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    Burn Fat Research Paper

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    How to burn fat? ADMIN MAY 20, 2013 0 How to burn fat? Strategy for dealing with the fat This article about how men fight obesity, and, in particular, with the fat on the stomach. But before we start talking about the fight against fat, is to deny the most popular myth: in fact, twisting or any other exercise for the abdominal muscles are not able to burn fat in this area. Local burning fat is physically impossible. Burn a twisting belly fat? Human physiology research shows that despite the…

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    Benzyl butyl phthalate also know as BBP. It was found that BBP was able to bind to Sert-3. Dr. Choundhury found that BBP disrupts the insulin regulatory pathway by binding to the native ligand of the receptor of a protein that causes insulin to be produced. Insulin helps facilitate the uptake of glucose into muscles and adipose (fat cells) for storage. If insulin is unable to uptake glucose, it will cause for the stimulation of fat in adipose tissue, which can cause obesity and diabetes. BBP…

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    Extra abdominal fat triggers and worsens insulin resistance. Signals inside the nervous system cause a breakdown of fat cells and a release of stored fat. Insulin promotes the opposite effect, signaling the fat cells to stop the release of fat. Paul Insel, a Stanford University student, states “An increase of body fat that reaches three to five times the normal amount of body fat or greater than thirty billion fat cells with a weight of thirty pounds, fat tissue is unable to be affect by…

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    Therefore, obesity should be defined by an excess adipose tissue not the weight. Similarly, Rothman (2008) argues about various limitation of BMI technique, such as, the measurement does not differentiate the increase of muscle mass or fat mass which vary with different gender. Also, there are other factors to consider while measuring obesity because the relationship between percentage body fat and BMI varies with ethnicity Rothman…

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    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects up to 10% of women in the reproductive age (1). PCOS is a proinflammatory state characterized by menstrual dysfunction and hyperandrogenism and is associated with features of the metabolic syndrome, particularly, obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and atherosclerosis (1– 4). The metabolic syndrome is associated with excessive accumulation of central body fat. Adipose tissue (AT) produces several cytokines termed adipokines, which have ISSN Print 0021-972X…

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