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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The region covers _________ square miles; more than __% of Earth's land surface
5.5 million; 10%
Three major peninsulas in the region are:
Arabian Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
Anatolian Peninsula
Largest peninsula in the region
Arabian Peninsula
A peninsula in Egypt and connects Africa to Asia
Sinai Peninsula
Peninsula in Turkey
Anatolian Peninsula
lowest place on the Earth's surface; saltiest body of water
Dead Sea
major seas in the region are:
Dead, Red, Black, Mediterranean, Arabian, and Caspian Sea
The most fertile areas in the region are:
• Coastal plains of the Mediterranean and Caspian Sea
• Coast of the Persian Gulf
The Nile River is the world's longest river at ____ miles
3% of land area but home to 90% of Egyptian people
Nile River Valley
sand and mud deposited by the following water
Alluvial soil deposits
triangle shape section of fertile land at the mouth of a river
The ______ and _________ River were home to several ancient civilizations in what is now called ____
Tigris and Euphrates; Iraq
"land between the rivers" - fertile valley
River that is 1,700 miles long
Euphrates River
River that is 1,100 miles long
Tigris River
Streambeds that are dry expect during heavy rain
northwest coast of Arabian peninsula
southwest coast of Arabian peninsula
Asir Mountains
on the Anatolian peninsula
Pontiac and Taurus Mountains
in western Iran
Zagros Mountains
just south of Caspian Sea
Elbrus Mountains
highest peak in region; located in Afghanastan
Hindu Kush
longest range in Africa
Atlas Mountains
in southern Algeria
Ahaggar Mountains
The most important natural resource in the region is _________, followed by _______ ___
petroleum; natural gas
Most oil and natural gas reserves are in the countries bordering ___ _______ ____, _______ and _____
the Persian Gulf, Algeria, and Libya
chemical compound used in fertilizers
The major occupations of most people in the region is _______ and _______ _________
farming and raising livestock
Most parts of the region average less than __ inches of rain a year
Deserts cover about __% of this region
largest desert in the world at about 3.5 million square miles
place in the desert where water is present, making small-scalped agriculture possible
Only about __% of the Sahara is made up of sand; the rest is ______ ________, _________, and ____ _______ ____
10%; desert pavement, mountains, and man's exposed rock
Rub al Khali desert is on the southern part of the _______ _________
Arabian peninsula
The Rub al Khali is also called _____ _______
empty quarter
Climate on the coastal plains and the Tigris-Euphrates valley
Mediterranean Climate
Climate north of deserts in north Africa and interior of Southwest Asia
Steppe Climate
raising and grazing mainly in steppe regions
Mediterranean climates export _____, ______, and ______
fruit, olives, and grapes