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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
also called "resplendent land"
Sri Lanka
system of parallel mountain ranges that extend inna 1500 mile curve across southern Asia
has the largest river delta in the world, where the Hanged and the Brahmaputra empty into the Indian Ocean
Pakistan's greatest natural resource is:
the Indus River and it's 4 tributaries
landforms like a continent only smaller
created when part of Africa broke away, drifted north and renamed into the Asian continent; it occurred about 60 million years ago
worlds highest peak; 29,035 ft
Mt. Everest
meet the Himalayas in the northern most part of
South Asia
Karakoram Mountains
Mountain Kingdoms ______ in and _____ were isolated from the outside world until the 20th century
Bhutan; Nepal
lie across the center of the subcontinent, dividing
India into two different cultures
Vindhya Mountains
eroded mountains and hills along each of the coasts of India
Eastern and Western Ghats
main tableland of South Asia; located between the eastern and western Ghats
Deccan Plateau
found in the NE part of India
Chita Nagpur Plateau
populated area; between the Deccan Plateau and
Northern Plains
flows mostly through Pakistan and empties into the Arabian Sea
Indus River
flows east mainly through the Himalayas and empties into the Bay of Bengal
Brahmaputra River
most famous river in India; flows east and joins the Brahmaputra before emptying into the Bay of Bengal
Ganges River
largest continuos alluvial plain in the world; very heavily populated area
Indo-Gangetic Plain
Along the _______ ______ _____ the population density is more than 1,000 people/sq. mile
eastern Ganges River
The rich soil of the____-________ _____ is one of South Asia's greatest natural resources
Indo-Gangetic Plain
________ has one of the world's largest hydroelectric plants
_______ ___ ______ are found mainly in southern Pakistan and the Ganges
Natural gas fields
India is among the world's leaders in producing ____ ____
iron ore
Large iron ore deposits are found in the eastern part of the ______ _______
Deccan Plateau
India also produces 90% of the world's supply of ____
used to manufacture electrical equipment
among world's largest producers of graphite
Sri Lanka
India's timber resources include:
• Sal
• Teak
• Sand wood
Sri Lanka has banned the export of timber since ____
northern edge of the subcontinent; has the coldest climates
Along the Indus River
surrounds the desert regions except along the coast
along western coast of the subcontinent, near the
Gangs Delta, and SW Sri Lanka
Tropical Rain Forest
between the Ghats and Sri Lanka
Tropical Savanna
along the Ganges River; most populated climate region
Humid Subtropical
seasonal winds that play a major role in the climate of the region
Dry Monsoons between _______ and ___: winter winds that are dry and blow from the _____ and _________
October and May; North and Northeast
Wet monsoons between ____ and _________: summer winds that carry warm, moist air from the _____ and _________
June and September; south and southwest
Rainfall is the heaviest in the _______ part of South Asia
gets an average of 450 inches of rain a year
Monsoon rains may not affect some areas:
• The Deccan Plateau
• Parts of western Pakistan
Bangladesh is sometimes adversely affected by the monsoons because it is a low lying area:
• Massive flooding
• Ruin crops
• Kill livestock and people
_______ world suffer greatly if not for monsoons
storms with high winds and heavy rains
131 thousand were killed by a cyclone; $1.7 billion in damage
1991 in Bangladesh
Two factors that determine vegetation in one climate region from
• Rainfall
• Temperature
About _/_ of the subcontinent is covered with forest
Rain forests on the west coast of India are produced by:
• Monsoon rains meet the Western Ghats and are stalled
• They drop most of their moisture in the coast creating the rain forest
• Deccan Plateau is drier than the coasts because the Ghats prevent rain from reaching the plateau
• Annual rainfall in NW part of India is 20 inches per year
______ _____, ___ _____ and _______ are the natural vegetation of the northwest peninsula
Desert shrub, low trees and grasses