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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
lifting of the nail plate from the nail bed without shedding, usually beginning at the free edge and continuing toward the lunula
separation and falling off of a nail plate from the nail bed
fungal infection of the nail plate
bitten nails, or the habit of chewing the skin around the nail plate
split/brittle nails that have a series of lengthwise ridges giving a rough appearance to the surface
condition in which the living tissue surrounding the nail plate splits or tears
any deformity or disease of the nail
bacterial inflammation of the tissues surrounding the nail causing pus, swelling, and redness. usually in the skin fold adjacent to the nail plate
pincer nail
trumpet nail; increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate caused by increased curvature of the matrix
plicatured nail
folded nail; type of highly curved nail usually caused by injury to the matrix, or inheritance
nail grooves
formed by nail folds, the slits on the side wall
sidewall/lateral nail fold
the fold of the skin overlapping the side of the nail
free edge
edge that extends over the tip of the finger or toe
bed epithelium
Thin layer of tissue that attaches the nail plate to the nail bed
visible part of the matrix that extends from underneath living skin
nail cuticle
the dead, colorless tissue attached to the nail plate
the living skin at the base of the nail plate that covers the matrix area
slightly thickened layer of skin that lies between the finger tip and the free edge
nail folds
folds of normal skin that surround the nail plate
nail disorder
condition caused by injury or disease of the nail unit
pseudomanas aeruginosa
one of several common bacteria that can cause nail infection
pyogenic granuloma
severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate
vertical lines running through the length of the nail plate that are caused by uneven growth of the nail
tinea pedis
term for fungal infection of the foot; athletes foot
natural nail/onyx
the hard protective plate composed mainly of keratin, also found in skin and hair
Beau's lines
visible depressions running across the width of the nail plate, result of illness or injury
bruised nails
blood clot that forms under the nail plate, causing a bruise
nail bed
the portion of living skin that supports the nail plate as it grows toward the free edge
natural nail unit
composed of the nail plate, nail bed, matrix, cuticle, eponychium, hyponichium, specialized ligaments, nail folds
nail plate
hardened keratin plate that sits on and covers the nail bed
nail psoriasis
a noninfectious condition that affects the surface of the nail plate causing tiny pits or severe roughness on the surface
nail pterygium
abnormal condition that occurs when the skin is stretched by the nail plate
inflammation of the nail matrix, followed by shedding of the nail
ingrown nail; nail that grows into the sides of the tissue around the nail
leukonychia spots
white spots on the nail caused by injury to the matrix area
eggshell nails
noticeably thin, white nail plates that are more flexible than normal, and can curve over the free edge
darkening of the nail, seen as a black band within the nail plate, extending from the base to the free edge
Splinter hemorrhages
hemorrhages caused by trauma or injury to the nail bed that damage the capillaries and allow small amounts of blood to flow
discolored nails
nails turn a variety of colors