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104 Cards in this Set

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Abductor Muscles:
spread the fingers or toes
Accelerated Hydrogen Peroxide (AHP):
disinfectant based on a stabilized hydrogen peroxide that is non-toxic to the skin and environment; this type of disinfectant only needs to be changed every 14 days
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS):
a high-quality virgin plastic, used to manufacture nail tips
Adductor Muscles:
pull the fingers or toes together
is the split cuticle around the nail

also known as Hangnail,

extremely flammable, colorless liquid that evaporates quickly
is the curvature side view of a nail tip providing Support to the stress area and sides of nail tip

also known as Apex,

Beau's Lines:
visible depressions running the width of the natural nail plate
Bed Epithelium:
thin layer of skin cells between the nail bed and the nail plate
Bruised Nail:
dark purplish discoloration under the nail caused by trauma
eight bones that form the wrist
is the chemical reaction that causes hardening

also known as Polymerization,

the small portion of non-living epidermis extending around the base of the nail
specialized acrylic monomers that quickly polymerize with the addition of alcohol, water or any weak alkaline product to form an adhesive
Digital Nerve:
nerves located in the fingers and toes
Eggshell Nail:
noticeably thin, white nail plate that is more flexible than normal
living skin at the base of the nail plate that partially overlaps the lunula
Extensor Muscles:
aid in the straightening of a joint
Fabric Wraps:
very thin and tightly woven materials, such as linen, silk or fiberglass that are used to strengthen the natural nail or are applied over nail tips
long bone extending from the hip to the knee, also known as the thighbone
bone forming the outer part of the lower leg, extending from the knee to the ankle
Flexor Muscle:
bends a joint
Flexor Digiti Minimi:
muscle that controls the little toe
Free Edge:
part of the nail plate that extends beyond the fingertip
muscle located in the calf that pulls the foot down; attached to the lower portion of the heel
largest bone in the upper arm, extending from the shoulder to the elbow
skin between the free edge and fingertip of the natural nail
substances that begin the process that starts the chain reaction, leading to very long polymer chains being created
Inhibition Layer:
the tacky, film-like layer that forms on the top of the nail enhancement
whitish discoloration of the nails caused by injury

also known as White Spots,

spongy, respiratory organs responsible for inhaling and exhaling
whitish, half-moon shape at the base of the nail
cosmetic service for care of the hands,

which includes skin and nail care, cosmetic treatments and procedures, polishing techniques and artificial nail applications

pocket-like fold of skin that holds the nail root and the matrix
part of the nail bed that extends below the nail root and helps to produce the nail plate
Median Nerve:
smallest of the three arm and hand nerves; runs along the mid forearm and extends into the hands
darkening of the nails caused by excess melanin; may be in a band or stripe
five long, thin bones between the wrist and fingers, forming the palm of the hand
five long, slender bones located between the ankles and the toes
Metal Pushers:
used to gently scrape the cuticle from the natural nail. They are made of stainless-steel and can be disinfected and reused
Methyl Methacrylate (MMA):
type of monomer that is a colorless, volatile, flammable liquid compound. MMA polymerizes readily and is used especially as a monomer for acrylic resin. It has small molecule size and can penetrate body tissue or skin and possibly cause an allergic reaction
causing small-unseen openings in the skin that allow for the entry of pathogens
liquid that mixes with acrylic powder and binds the acrylic polymers to form a nail enhancement
Nail Bed:
portion of the skin that the nail plate rests upon as it grows out
Nail Dehydrator:
removes moisture or oils from the nail plate prior to nail enhancement services
Nail Folds:
folds of normal skin that surround the natural nail plate
Nail Grooves:
slits or grooves on the sides of the nail that allow growth
Nail Plate:
translucent portion of the nail, extending from the nail root to the free edge; sometimes referred to as the nail body
Nail Psoriasis:
noninfectious condition that affects the surface of the natural nail.

Nail will appear pitted and/or have roughness on the surface

Nail Pterygium:
forward growth of living skin that adheres to the surface of the nail plate
Nail Rasp:
metal tool that has a grooved edge. This tool is typically used for pedicures to smooth and file the free edge
Nail Root:
portion of nail plate hidden under a fold of skin (mantle) at the base of the nail plate
Nail Sidewall:
is the piece of skin that overlaps onto the side of the nail

also known as the Lateral Nail Fold,

Nail Wrap Resin:
used to adhere the fabric wrap to the natural nail or nail tip
short polymer chains that consist of just a few monomers, creating a thickened resin or a 'gel-like' substance
Inflammation of the nail matrix
ingrown nail
loosening or separation, without shedding, of the nail plate from the nail bed
fungal infection of the nail

also known as Tinea Unguium,

bitten nails
abnormal brittleness of the nail plate
general term for any nail disease or deformity
technical term for nails
thick or dark quality that makes products difficult to see through
Opponens Muscles:
group of adductor muscles located in the palm that pulls the thumb
toward the fingers
any fabric wrap, UV cured-gel or acrylic / sculptured nail that is applied to enhance
and/or strengthen the natural nail
bacterial inflammation of the skin surrounding the nail plate
technical term for the kneecap
cosmetic care of the toenails and feet
additional or excessive skin that overlaps onto the sides of the nail plate
Peroneus Brevis:
shorter of the two muscles responsible for rotating the foot down and out
Peroneus Longus:
longer of the two muscles responsible for rotating the foot down and out
are the bones of the fingers or toes

also known as Digits,

strong, high pH disinfectant
the chemical that begins the polymerization process in gel nails
a concentrate or powder made up of acrylic powder that when mixed with a monomer
forms a nail enhancement
the chemical reaction, which creates polymers

also known as Curing or Hardening,

Position Stop:
edge of the well that bumps up against the free edge of the natural nail
liquid solution, containing methacrylic acid that is applied sparingly to the natural nail
plate prior to acrylic product application to assist in adhesion of the enhancement
Pronator Muscles:
turns the forearm and hand inward so the palm faces downward
Pyogenic Granuloma:
small rounded mass (vascular tissue) projecting from the nail bed
to the nail plate
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds:
is a standard name
for disinfectants

also known as Quats

Radial Artery:
supplies blood to the thumb side of the arm and the back of the hand
Radial Nerve:
nerve that runs along the thumb side of the arm and the back of the hand
outer and smaller bone on the inside of the forearm; located on the thumb side
based on the use of reflex points located throughout the hands, feet, and head that are linked to other parts of the body
is a vertical or horizontal indentation running the length or width of the nail plate

also known as Furrow or Corrugation,

Silk Wraps:
made from a of a thin natural material with a tight weave that provides a smooth, even, clear appearance after a wrap resin is applied
Sodium Hypochlorite:
commonly known as bleach
muscle that is attached to the lower heel and bends the foot down
Stress Area:
edge of the nail tips below the contact area that is the most vulnerable area, accepting everyday wear and tear
Supinator Muscle:
turns the forearm and hand outward so the palm faces upward
seven bones that form the ankle
largest of the two bones below the knee that form the lower leg

also known as the Shin Bone,

Tibialis Anterior:
muscle that covers the shin and bends the foot
Tibialis Posterior:
muscle that helps the foot flex inward
is a contagious fungal infection, distinguished by itching, scales, and occasionally painful lesions

technical term for Ringworm

Tinea Pedis:
is a fungal infection that can occur on the bottom of the feet, as well as, between the toes, which can spread to the toenails

also known as Athlete's Foot,

inner and larger bone on the outside of the forearm; located on the pinky side
Ulnar Artery:
supplies blood to the little finger side of the arm and the palm of the hand
Ulnar Nerve:
nerve that runs along the little finger side of the arm and the palm of the hand
Urethane Acrylate:
main ingredient used to create UV gel nail enhancements
Urethane Methacrylate:
main ingredient used to create UV gel nail enhancements

Blue Sky

Wooden Pusher:
used to gently remove cuticle tissue away from the nail plate and clean under the free edge; made from orangewood, rosewood or other hardwoods; disposable alternatives for pushing back cuticles