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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cultural influenes
age, disability, gender, race, religion
reasons for participation
aesthetic appreciation, competition, cooperation, development of friendships, physical challenge
resources that influence lifestyle
access, availability, location, time
sports participation pyramid
foundation, participation, performance, excellence
different roles
performer, coach, official, judge, events organiser
a state of physical mental and social wellbeing and not just the absence of disease and infirmity
the ability to meet the demands of the environment with energy to spare for emergencies
pre planned physical activity done to maintain or improve health/fitness
health related fitness components
body composition, flexibility, muscular endurance, muscular eendurance, cv fitness
skill related fitness components
agility, balance, coordination, power, reactions, speed
3 functions of the cv system
supply O2 and nutrients, remove waste CO2, thermoregulation
cardiac output =
heart rate × stroke volume
are arteries or viens thicker?
arteries, as they pump blood at a higher pressure
minute volume =
tidal volume × breathing rate
what joins bone to bone?
what joins muscle to bone?
3 functions of skeletal system
enable movement, support body shape, provide protection
when a muscle shortens
when a muscle lengthens
muscles always work in...
antagonistic pairs
isometric contraction
no change in muscle length (static)
SMART priciple
specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, timebound
frequency, intensity, time, type
tests for cv fitness
multistage shuttle run / cooper 12 mins run
methods to improve cv
continuous training, fartlek training
7 nutrients
carbs, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, water, fibre
which nutrient releases energy slowest?
exercising after eating causes...
blood shunting, blood is shunted away from the digestive syatem to the working muscles, leading to discomfort of partially digested food
beta blockers
reduce HR by slowing down production of adrenaline, helps relax
excessive urinating to bring rapid weight loss, also can mask presence of other drugs
supress pain of an injury
increase growth and repair of tissue, increases red blood cell count
increase alertness, refuce fatigue
anabolic steroids
accelerates growth and repair of musvle tissue
why take PEDs?
improve performance, win medals, pressure from media and coaches, want a shortcut to winning
muscular strength test
hand grip dynamometer / one rep max
flexibility test
sit and reach test
training method to improve power
muscular endurance test
press up test