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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Factors to consider when choosing a pet bird
-mess and destruction
Pet bird
-commitment factors
-Time daily
-long term (longevity, bonding, changing homes)
Good bird options if you do not have much time daily
-pair of parrots
Bird cage size
-largest possible size
-bar spacing and size
-quality (stainless steel or powder coated wrought iron)
Bird cage
-shape differences for small birds vs. large birds
-small birds: length

-large birds: height for climbing
Bird cage
-safety considerations
-no toxic materials (lead/zinc)
-no doors, latches, or other parts that can trap bird
-sharp edges
Bird cage
-maintenance considerations
-easy to clean (pull out tray)
-stainless steel dishes
-proper size and shape
-varying diameters
-near food dishes
-different levels
Why is perch size and shape important?
-can lead to pressure sores
Cement perch use
-beak filing
Bird mess and damage
-messy eating
-chewing on objects
-feather dust
Problem if the bird is a messy eater
-can be difficult to diagnose GI disease because you don’t know food consumption
What can be a problem with feather dust?
-can affect people with respiratory disease
Bird socialization
-owner-bird interaction time
-gender preferences (masturbating birds!)

-social birds can be demanding of attention and resort to neurotic behavior (feather picking, damaging) if denied the interaction that they need
Birds that bond tightly with their owners
-large parrots
Birds that don’t bond much with their owners
Bird talking and training
-many parrots chosen for ability to talk
-some species known for mimicry
-ability to talk varies with individual
-many parrots can be trained to perform various tricks and behaviors
Bird toys
Bird toys
-toys “designed” for parrots may not be safe
-severe injury and death
-right toy size for bird
-supervise new toy use
Bird toys
-potential dangers
Bird toys
-toxins -heavy metals (zinc and lead)
-dyes and other chemicals
-poly vinyl chloride
Heavy metals
-commonly found in -quick links and chains (zinc)
-bell clappers (lead)

*look for lead and zinc free labels
**go for stainless steel products even though more expensive
Bird toys that are normally safe of dyes and other chemicals
-untreated wood
-wood colored with vegetable based dyes
-vegetable-tanned leather products
Poly vinyl chloride
-found in what kinds of toys
-soft plastic
Bird toy
-ingestion problems
-digestive tract irritation

Wood: splinter
Plastic: soft flimsy plastic easily shredable
Bells: clapper can be removed and swallowed
Fabric and Fluff: caught in loos threads, ingestion of fluffy material
Reasons pet birds are very susceptible to household dangers
-mall size
-rapid metabolism
-sensitive respiratory systems
-curiosity (explore everything with their beaks)

*need parrot-proofing
-household poisoning
-wide range of toxic substances can injure or kill via ingestion or inhalation

Teflon, Insecticide, ammonia, bleach, oven cleaner, glue, nail polish remover, paint, perfumes, heavy metals, poisonous plants
How does non-stick coating negatively affect birds?

-where is it found?
-when overheated, the non—stick coating emits fumes that are toxic to birds when inhaled

-non-stick cookware, waffle irons, bread machines, irons, ironing board covers, curling irons, space heaters, blow dryers, etc.
Open water
-bird hazards
-water bowl (dog/cat)
-hot water on stove
Electrical cord
-bird dangers
-explore with beaks, may bite exposed cord
Bird electrical cord danger
-keep cords and appliances away from cage
-cover exposed cords with corrugated plastic tubing
Ceiling fans
-bird dangers
-nervous with things moving above them
Windows, doors, mirrors
-dangers to birds
-may fly into them
-may escape if left open
How to decrease risk of birds escaping or injuring themselves on windows, doors, mirrors?
-clip wings
Other pets
-danger to birds
-can attract prey instinct
-can become easily infected if attacked (promptly provide aggressive antibiotic therapy if incident suspected)
Air quality
-bird considerations
-very sensitive to contaminants in air
-aerosols should not be used around birds
-cigarette smoke can lead to respiratory disease
-carbon monoxide
Inappropriate foods for birds
-high sugar, salt, fat
-processed meats and food high in nitrates, nitrites, sulfites, MSG)
-health effect in birds
-myocardial toxicity
Nutritionally caused disease in birds commonly due to
-imbalanced or incomplete diet
Recommended diet for birds
-pre-formulated pellets (50-60%)
-fresh foods (greens, sprouted seeds, grains, fruits)
-some seeds (10-25%: feed less for larger birds)

-specialized diets for some birds (lories, toucans)
-feeding considerations
-remove freshly prepared foods from cage after a few hrs
-offer new foods early in the morning or in the evening when birds naturally forage in the wild
Bird Formulated diets
-grains, seeds, vegetables, fruits fortified with vitamins and minerals
-baked into pallets or other shapes
-provide a balanced nutritious diet
Bird formulated diet
-many birds don’t readily take to eating a formulated diet
-don’t provide variety and stimulation that many birds crave in their diet
Bird seeds
-considered junk food
-deficient in nutrients (Vit A and Calcium)
-high in fat
-preferred over healthier choices
-should only be 10% of diet (25% for natural seed eaters)
Bird vegetables
-fresh vegetables are good
-not all vegetables are equally nutritious
-dark yellow and leafy green vegetables are good
-want as much variety as possible
Bird fruits
-feed wide variety
-limit to small portion of overall diet
-more nutrition in deeply colored fruits
-toxicity from pits and seeds
-other food considerations
-nutritious grains (brown rice, quinoa, wheat, pasta, etc.)
-whole wheat bread and cereal
-cooked legumes
-small amounts of hard cheese and yogurt (lactose intolerant)

-question feeding lean, well-cooked meat and eggs due to cannibalism, salmonella
Bird nutrition
-benefits of sprouted seeds
-good nutrition and greens
-vits, minerals, enzymes, antioxidants
Bird vitamin and mineral supplement
-usually not needed if feeding well balanced diet based on formulated food supplemented with a wide variety of home prepared food
-only should be given on the advice of a veterinarian

-Vits A&D are toxic
-Calcium:Phosphorus imbalance