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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A pathologic condition resulting from the accumulation of acid in the body
Diabetes mellitus
A metabolic disorder in which the ability to metabolize carbohydrates is impaired, usually because of lack of insulin
Diabetic coma
Unconsciousness caused by dehydration, very high blood glucose levels, and acidosis in diabetes
Diabetic ketoacidosis
A form of acidosis in uncontrolled diabetes in which certain acids accumulate with insulin is not available
One of the basic sugars; it is the primary fuel, along with auction, for cellular metabolism
A chemical substance that regulates the activity of body organs and tissues; produced by a gland
Abnormally high glucose level in the blood
Abnormally low glucose level in the blood
A hormone produced by the islets of langerhans(an exocrine gland on the pancreas) that enables glucose in the blood to enter the cells of the body; used in synthetic form to treat and control diabetes mellitus
Insulin shock
Unconsciousness or altered mental status in a patient with diabetes, caused by significant hypoglycemia; usually the result of excessive exercise and activity or failure to eat after a routine dose of insulin.
Kussmaul respirations
Deep, rapid breathing; usually the result of an accumulation of certain assets when insulin is not available in the body
Excessive thirst persisting for long periods of time despite reasonable fluid intake; often the result of excessive urination
Excessive eating; and diabetes, the inability to use glucose properly can cause a sense of hunger
The passage of an unusually large volume of urine in a given period; and diabetes, this can result from wasting of glucose in the urine
Type I diabetes
The type of diabetic disease that usually starts in childhood and requires insulin for proper treatment and control
Type II diabetes
The type of diabetic disease usually starts in later life and often can be told through diet and oral medications
What percentage of the population is affected by diabetes
What does the word diabetes mean
A passer through; a siphon
Diabetes insipidus
A rare condition, also involves excessive urination, but here the missing hormone is one regulates urinary fluid reabsorption
Cellular key
Insulin: you need to allow glucose into individual body cells
Blood glucose levels in hyperglycemia
200 mg
Normal amount of glucose in the blood
80 to 120 mg
Signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis
Vomiting, abdominal pain, and kussmaul respirations
Blood glucose level at which diabetic coma occurs
800 mg or greater
Click the close level at which DKA occurs
400 800 mg
Blood glucose level at which hypoglycemia occurs
80 to 40 mg
Blood glucose levels at which insulin shock occurs
Less than 40 mg
Things that can cause diabetic coma
Patient who is not under medical treatment, takes insufficient insulin, remarkably overeat, or who is undergoing some sort of stress that may involve an infection, illness, or over exertion, fatigue, or drinking alcohol
Symptoms of diabetic coma
Kussmaul respirations, dehydration, as indicated by dry, warm skin and sunken eyes; a suite or fruity order on the breath; a rapid pulse; a normal slightly low blood pressure; varying degrees of unresponsiveness
Things that cause insulin shock
Taking too much insulin; taking a regular dose of insulin but have not eaten enough food; had an unusual amount of activity or vigorous exercise and use up all available glucose
Symptoms of hypoglycemia
Normal or rapid respiration; pale, moist skin; excessive sweating; dizziness, headache; rapid pulse; normal to low blood pressure; altered mental status; anxious or combative behavior; hunger; seizure, fainting, or coma; weakness on one side of the body
Of unknown cause