The child needs to keep their blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible to delay the development of eye and kidney damage. This can occur after the onset of puberty, but is usually a concern only in later life.
Regular check-ups at the children's outpatient ward at least every three months are recommended. Regular check-ups for the late-stage diabetic complications begin around the age of 9 or 10 and, from then on, this check up is done every year. The check-ups consist of a urine sample to detect the presence of protein, a blood pressure measurement, an eye examination and, occasionally, a venous blood test. Changes in the eyes don't affect eyesight at this early stage but later, corrective laser surgery or other forms of treatment may be needed to avoid damage to the sight.
What medicine can be given?
Fast-acting insulin by injection.
Slow-acting insulin by injection.
Mixed insulin by injection.
What is Type 2 …show more content…
What is diabetic acidosis (ketoacidosis)?
Diabetic acidosis is a life-threatening condition which can occur in patients with Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes. It leads to high blood glucose levels and the presence of ketones in the urine, as well as certain acids in the blood. Diabetic acidosis requires immediate hospitalisation for treatment with fluid and insulin. Any infection present may require antibiotic treatment.
Diabetic acidosis can usually be avoided through proper treatment of Type 1 diabetes.
What causes diabetic acidosis?
The condition is caused by a lack of insulin. In a person with diabetes it most commonly occurs through omission of insulin doses. Infections are also known to be a factor in the onset of diabetic acidosis.
The main function of insulin is to lower the blood glucose level, although it also reduces the burning of body fat. If your body lacks insulin, the blood glucose will rise and, if the insulin level