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252 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


Advanced Configuration and Power Interface

specification provides an open standard for device configuration and power management by the operating system.


hardware compatibility list ( a list of products maintained by Microsoft that note devices that have been tested for compatibility with Windows Vista or XP. )


Trusted Platform Module is a chip that is usually located on a motherboard, and it’s used for cryptographic functions that enable encryption and other security features.


Advanced Power Management


Electromagnetic Interference

noise caused by electrical devices


Direct Memory Access

method used to send and or receive information that is not under the control of a CPU


Channel 0



Channel 1

Sound Device


Channel 2

Floppy Disk Controller


Channel 3



Channel 4


DMAChannel 5



Channel 6



Channel 7



the process of forcing a computer or component to operate faster than the manufactured clock frequency

Flashing the BIOS

the procedure of replacing BIOS contents in order to upgrade to a newer version

Hard Boot

the power to the system is physically turned off and back on again


Quality of Service

Allow some applications to have priority on a network


plain old telephone service


Power On Self Test


User Account Control

a feature in Windows that can help you stay in control of your computer by informing you when a program makes a change that requires administrator-level permission


Absolute Persistence Technology

installed as part of system BIOS/UEFI, detects when the Lojack for Laptops software has been removed. It ensures the software is automatically reinstalled even if the hard drive is replaced, or the firmware is flashed.

Chassis intrusion detection

A connector found on a motherboard that supports a chassissecurity feature that detects if a chassis component is removed or replaced, in which case an alarm sound is heard through the onboard speaker or PC chassis speaker if present


Secure ShellSSH uses public-key cryptography to authenticate the remote computer and allow it to authenticate the user, if necessary.[1] There are several ways to use SSH; one is to use automatically generated public-private key pairs to simply encrypt a network connection, and then use password authentication to log on.

Device Manager

It allows users to view and control the hardware attached to the computer


Command Line Interface

a user interface to a computer's operating system or an application in which the user responds to a visual prompt by typing in a command on a specified line, receives a response back from the system, and then enters another command, and so forth.


software that is available free of charge and often distributed informally for evaluation, after which a fee may be requested for continued use.


Hardware Assisted Virtualization

Motherboard BIOS and processor support used by hypervisor software when it creates and runs virtual machines on a computer. The feature must be enabled in BIOS setup.

displays a comprehensive view of your hardware, system components, and software environment.


executable displays the current windows version in a dialog window


electrically erasable programmable read-only memory

(ROM) that can be erased and reprogrammed (written to) repeatedly through the application of higher than normal electrical voltage. Unlike EPROM chips, EEPROMs do not need to be removed from the computer to be modified.


a type of memory chip that retains its data when its power supply is switched off.


Dynamic Access Memory

stores each bit of data or program code in a storage cell consisting of a capacitor and atransistor, and is typically organized in a rectangular configuration of storage cells. A DRAM storage cell is dynamic in that it needs to be refreshed or given a new electronic charge every few milliseconds to compensate for charge leaks from the capacitor.


a computer chip on the motherboard that contains a special program that helps the computer processor interact and control the other components in the computer. These other components include disc drives, video cards, sound cards, network cards, floppy drives, USB ports, hard drives, and others. Without the BIOS, the processor would not know how to interact or interface with the computer components, and the computer would not be able to function.


Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor

a computer chip on the motherboard, but more specifically, it is a RAM chip. This is a type of memory chip which stores information about the computer components, as well as settings for those components.

MAC Address

media access control address

a unique identifier assigned to network interfaces for communications on the physical network segment.

A Bios might be reflashed in order to:

Fix known programming errors discovered in the current BIOS version

Repair damaged BIOS

Provide support for new types of attached hardware


Real Time Clock


Master Boot Record

the most important data structure on the disk, is created when the disk is partitioned. The MBR contains a small amount of executable code called the master boot code, the disk signature, and the partition table for the disk. At the end of the MBR is a 2-byte structure called a signature word or end of sector marker, which is always set to 0x55AA. A signature word also marks the end of an extended boot record (EBR) and the boot sector.The disk signature, a unique number at offset 0x01B8, identifies the disk to the operating system. Windows 2000 uses the disk signature as an index to store and retrieve information about the disk in the registry subkey:


Master Boot Code

Scans the partition table for the active partition.Finds the starting sector of the active partition.Loads a copy of the boot sector from the active partition into memory.Transfers control to the executable code in the boot sector. If the master boot code cannot complete these functions, the system displays one of the following error messages:Invalid partition tableError loading operating systemMissing operating system

Features of a LoJack

Remote Sanitation

Remote device lock to deny access to any unauthorized users

Ability to track down the physical location of a stolen device.

Another name for Bios Extension

Option ROM


Peripheral Component Interconnect Express

a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X, and AGP bus standards.


   a standard that defines bi-directional parallel communications between computers and other devices.    Widely known as the Centronics port. 
a standard that defines bi-directional parallel communications between computers and other devices. Widely known as the Centronics port.


Industry Standard Architecture

16-bit internal bus of IBM PC/AT and similar computers based on the Intel 80286 and its immediate successors during the 1980s. The bus was (largely) backward compatible with the 8-bit bus of the8088-based IBM PC, including the IBM PC/XT as well as IBM PC compatibles.


handles communications among the CPU, in some cases RAM, and PCI Express (or AGP) video cards


chipset handles all of a computer's I/O functions, such as USB, audio, serial, the system BIOS, the ISA bus, the interrupt controller and the IDE channels.


Fusion Control Hub

what AMD has named its southbridge

I/O Controller Hub

what Intel has named its southbridge

Platform Controller Hub

a family of Intel microchips, introduced circa 2008. It is the successor to the previous Intel Hub Architecture, which used a northbridge and southbridge instead, and first appeared in the Intel 5 Series.

Professional Graphics Controller

a graphics card manufactured by IBM for PCs.[1] It consisted of three interconnected PCBs, and contained its own processor and memory. The PGC was, at the time of its release, the most advanced graphics card for the IBM XT and aimed for tasks such as CAD


Accelerated Graphics Port

is a high-speed point-to-point channel for attaching a video card to acomputer system, primarily to assist in the acceleration of 3D computer graphics


a motherboard configuration specification developed by Intel

Slot A

the physical and electrical specification for a 242-lead single-edge-connector used by early versions of AMD's Athlon processor.


-communications and network riser. A type of expansion slot on motherboards that allowed for communication equipment (modems, network interface cards) to be installed on a computer. Has been obsoleted by USB and integrated components.


Audio/Modem Riser

a riser expansion slot found on the motherboards of some Pentium III, Pentium 4, Duron, andAthlon personal computers. It was designed by Intel to interface with chipsets and provide analog functionality, such as sound cards and modems, on an expansion card.

ECC Memory

a type of computer data storage that can detect and correct the most common kinds of internal data corruption. ECC memory is used in most computers where data corruption cannot be tolerated under any circumstances, such as for scientific or financial computing.

Parity Bit

a bit added to the end of a string of binary code that indicates whether the number of bits in the string with the value one is even or odd. Parity bits are used as the simplest form of error detecting code.

Hash Value

a numeric value of a fixed length that uniquely identifies data. Hash values represent large amounts of data as much smaller numeric values, so they are used with digital signatures. You can sign a hash value more efficiently than signing the larger value. Hash values are also useful for verifying the integrity of data sent through insecure channels. The hash value of received data can be compared to the hash value of data as it was sent to determine whether the data was altered.

Socket AM3

CPU socket for AMD processors

941 pin contacts in a different layout

DDR2 & DDR3 memory

Socket FM1

a CPU socket for desktop computers used by AMD early A-series APUs ("Llano") processors and Llano-derivedAthlon II processors.


A single large expensive disk (SLED) is a data storage system that relies on one large disk, rather than an array of smaller disks. The term applies to an evolving philosophy in IT about how to handle data storage capacity for devices and pieces of hardware.


a modified pci designed for laptops. It lies flat inside the laptop body, and is about a quarter the size of a regular PCI card. Use less power and generally don't have external connectors

Difference between PGA and LGA?

PGA is AMD cpus the pins are on the cpu LGA is Intel chips where the Pins are in the motherboard socket
What is the maximum cable length for USB devices?

5 meters

What is the capacity of a dual-layer mini Blu-ray disc?

7.8 GB

What is the maximum speed supported by the USB 1.1 standard?

12 Mbit/s
Level 1 (L1) Cache Memory

memory cache that is directly built into the microprocessor, which is used for storing the microprocessor's recently accessed information, thus it is also called the primary cache.


Video Ram

a dual-ported variant of dynamic RAM (DRAM), which was once commonly used to store the framebuffer in some graphics adapters.

L2 Cache

A memory bank built into the CPU chip, packaged within the same module or built on the motherboard. The L2 cache feeds the L1 cache, which feeds the processor. L2 memory is slower than L1 memory. See cache.


a type of random-access memory that stores each bit of data in a separate capacitorwithin an integrated circuit. The capacitor can be either charged or discharged; these two states are taken to represent the two values of a bit, conventionally called 0 and 1. Since even "nonconducting" transistors always leak a small amount, the capacitors will slowly discharge, and the information eventually fades unless the capacitor charge is refreshed periodically. Because of this refresh requirement, it is a dynamic memory as opposed to static random access memory (SRAM) and other static types of memory.
What is the maximum allowable cable length defined in the Parallel ATA (PATA) interface standard?


number of pinouts that can be found on a floppy disk cable?

34 pins

Cable length for FireWire devices is limited to:

4.5 meters

maximum speed supported by the IEEE 1394b interface?


dentifies physical device on a SCSI chain
characteristics apply of a tape drive?
High capacity

Magnetic media

Slow seek times

xD-Picture Card
an obsolete flash memory card format, used in older digital cameras made by Olympus and Fujifilm. No modern cameras use the format.xD cards are available in capacities of 16 MiB up to 2 GiB.




min of 4 drives

min of 4 drives

A single-sided, single-layer DVD disc can store up to:

4.7 GB of data

What is the capacity of a dual-layer mini Blu-ray disc?

15.6 GB

USB 3.0 Standard

transfer data at up to 5 Gbit/s

blue color-coding

uses two unidirectional data paths: one to receive data and the other to transmit

What is the maximum data transfer rate supported by the SATA 3.0 standard?
(6 Gbit/s, 600 MB/s)

What is the maximum data transfer rate supported by the SATA 2.0 standard?

(3 Gbit/s, 300 MB/s)

What is the maximum data transfer rate supported by the SATA 1.0 standard?

(1.5 Gbit/s, 150 MB/s)
IEEE 1394 standard specifies the maximum cable length of:

4.5 meters

The SATA standard specifies a power connector consisting of:

15 pins

USB 1.1 SPeed

12 mbps

USB 2.0 Full Speed

12 mbps

Maximum number of USB devices that can be connected to a single USB controller?


Platters of a magnetic hard drive spins at a rate measured in?

Revolutions per minute (rpm)

What is the maximum length of a PATA cable?


Which of the following values refers to the number of pinouts that can be found on a floppy disk cable?


Cable length for FireWire devices is limited to:

4.5 meters

A single-sided, double-layer DVD disc can store up to:

8.5 GB of data

Features of USB 3.0

Speed of up to 5 Gbps

Backward compatibility with USB 2.0

USB 3.0 Is also commonly referred to as SuperSpeed USB

USB 2.0

Hi-Speed USB

480 Mbit/s


Attachment Interface for CD-Rom and Tape Backup


First attachment standard

Two Hard Disks

PIO Modes

DMA Modes


Backward Compatible

Faster PIO Modes

Faster DMA Modes

Block Transfers

Logical Block Addressing (LBA)

Improved "Identify Drive" Command


Backward Compatible with ATA-2

Improved Reliability

Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART)

Security Feature

Examples of Parallel Communication Interfaces (7)

AGP, ISA, ATA, SCSI, PCI and Front side bus, IEEE-1284

Firewire 400

ieee 1394

100, 200, or 400 Mbits/s full-duplex

16 cables can be daisy chained max length 72 meters

IEEE 1394a

An amendment, IEEE 1394a, was released in 2000,[27] which clarified and improved the original specification.

FireWire 800 (IEEE 1394b-2002)
9 pin

Backwards compatible but need a bilingual cable


Sony/Philips Digital Interface Format

digital audio interconnect used in consumer audio equipment to output audio over reasonably short distances

USB Super Speed


USB Low-Speed

1.5 Mbps

eSATA max length

2 meters


Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter

the microchip with programming that controls a computer's interface to its attached serial devices.


arithmetic logic unit is a digital electronic circuit that performs arithmetic and bitwise logical operations on integer binary numbers

Graphical User Interface


Logical Unit Number

a unique identifier to designate an individual or collection of physical or virtual storage devices that execute input/output (I/O) commands with a host computer
a processor with Hyper-Threading Technology consists of two logical processors per core, each of which has its own processor architectural state. Each logical processor can be individually halted, interrupted or directed to execute a specified thread, independently from the other logical processor sharing the same physical core.

Energy inefficienct.


allow the clock speed of the processor to be dynamically changed (to different P-states) by software. This allows the processor to meet the instantaneous performance needs of the operation being performed, while minimizing power draw and heat generation.


Random Access Memory Digital-to-Analog Converter

A component of computer graphics display adapters which converts digitally encoded images into analog signals that can be displayed by a monitor.


carries both an analog and digital signal, can send out a digital signal (for digital displays such as flat panel LCD monitors) as well as analog signal (for older displays such as a CRT monitor) using a DVI to VGA adaptor

carries both an analog and digital signal, can send out a digital signal (for digital displays such as flat panel LCD monitors) as well as analog signal (for older displays such as a CRT monitor) using a DVI to VGA adaptor


Only sends out a digitol signal.

Only sends out a digitol signal.


DVI-A cables carry a high-quality analog signal

DVI-A cables carry a high-quality analog signal

Back-side bus

a computer bus used to connect the CPU to CPU cache memory, usually L2
Which of the following units is used for measuring clock speed in modern CPUs?


Brightness of an LCD monitor (the level of light emitted by an LCD display) is measured in:
Candelas per square metre (cd/m2)

or virtual machine monitor (VMM) is a piece of computer software, firmware or hardware that creates and runs virtual machines.

VGA aspect ratios



(effectively 4:3)

SVGA aspect ratios


XGA aspect ratios

4:34:3, 66:25 (effectively 4:3

HDTV 720aspect



Stands for:

Widescreen Ultra Extended Graphics Array

WUXGA aspect ratio



power factor correction

reduces the amount of reactive powergenerated by a computer


Preboot Execution Environment

an industry standard client/server interface that allows networked computers that are not yet loaded with an operating system to be configured and booted remotely by an administrator.



ATX12V 2.x

Motherboard with a 24pin connector

ATX12V 1.x

Motherboard with a 20pin connector


Motherboard 8 pin power connector

PCIe 6/8-pin

connector that increases the power consumption limit for advanced graphics cards

The floppy drive ribbon cable connector consists of:

34 pins

p1 connector

ST connector

Straight Tip

Connector used with fiber optics

SC Connector

Connector used with fiber

use a push-on/pull-off mating mechanism


Lucent Connector

Used with fiber uses a retaining tab mechanism

Bayonet Neill–Concelman

miniature quick connect/disconnect radio frequency connector used for coaxial cable.

An Ethernet crossover cable uses:
T568A pin/pair assignment on one end and T568B pin/pair assignment on the opposite end
Optional 8-pin PCIe power connector increases the power consumption limit for connected device to

25 W


a proprietary protocol developed by Microsoft, which provides a user with a graphical interface to connect to another computer over a network connection.

PCIe 6pin provides how much power?


a common type of coaxial cable used in a wide variety of residential and commercial applications.
a specific type of coaxial cable, often used for low-power video and RF signal connections.


Simple Network Management Protocol

an application–layer protocol defined by the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) in RFC1157 for exchanging management information between network devices.


a coaxial RF connector commonly used for "over the air" terrestrial television, cable television and universally for satellite television and cable modems
Which of the following auxiliary connectors is used to supply dedicated power for a high-end CPU?
4/8-pin 12v
Optional 8-pin PCIe power connector increases the power consumption limit for connected device to:
150 W
What is the function of IMAP and POP?
Retrieval of email messages from servers

TCP Port 143

Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP)—management of email messages
Which port number is used by Telnet?


File Transfer Protocol (FTP) runs by default on TCP ports:

20 & 21


Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

a directory service protocol that runs on a layer above the TCP/IP stack. It provides a mechanism used to connect to, search, and modify Internet directories.

TCP port numbers is used by Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)?


port numbers is used by DNS?


Server Message Block
operates as an application-layer network protocol[3] mainly used for providing shared access to files, printers, and serial ports and miscellaneous communications between nodes on a network.
TCP port 80 is used by:
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
TCP port 443 is used by:
QUIC (from Chromium) for HTTPS
Post Office Protocol v3 (POP3) runs on TCP port:


TCP Ports for Remote Admin

1604, 2222

MAC filtering
A security access control method whereby the 48-bit address assigned to each network card is used to determine access to the network is called:


demilitarized zone

A lightly protected subnet placed on the outside of the company's firewall consisting of publicly available servers
An IPv6 address consists of:

128 bits


Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access

a wireless communications standard designed to provide 30 to 40 megabit-per-second data rates, with the 2011 update providing up to 1 Gbit/s for fixed stations.

Which of the following port numbers is used by Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP)?



Wifi Protected Access

Security Protocol for WIFI

RC4 with TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol)

Every packet gets a unique encryption key

A short-term workaround


Wi-Fi Protected Setup

a network security standard that attempts to allow users to easily secure a wireless home network but could fall to brute-force attacks if one or more of the network's access points do not guard against the attack.


Wireless Application Protocol

a technical standard for accessing information over a mobile wireless network. A WAP browser is a web browser for mobile devicessuch as mobile phones that uses the protocol.

IEEE 802.11

a set of media access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications for implementing wireless local area network

IEEE 802.11a


Transfer Rate?


One of the intial wireless standards

Operates in the 5GHz range

54 Mbit/s

120 meters

Smaller range than 802.11b

IEEE 802.11b


Transfer Rate?


Operates in the 2.4 GHz range

11 Mbit/s

140 meters

Better range than 802.11a

More frequency conflict

IEEE 802.11g


Transfer Rate?


June 2003

2.4 GHz range

54 Mbit/s

140 meters

Backwards compatible with 802.11b

Same frequency conflict range as 802.11b

IEEE 802.11n


Transfer Rate?


Oct 2009

Operates at 5 GHz and 2.4 GHz

150 Mbit/s

250 meters

has MIMO, multiple input multiple output


Certification began in 2004

-AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) replaced RC4

-CCMP (Counter Mode with Cipher Block Chaining Message Authentication Code Protocol) replaced TKIP

Enterprise add 802.11i

-Radius server authentication

802.11 Graph


Different Level of encryption key strength

64-bit or 128-bit key size

Vulnerabilities identified in 2001

the first bytes of the output keystram are stronlgy non random

Gather enough packets and you can easily discover the entire WEP key

Fast Ethernet

a collective term for a number of Ethernet standards that carry traffic at the nominal rate of 100 Mbit/s


Network Addressing Technology

is a way to map an entire network (or networks) to a single IP address. Hides the internal IP addresses by modifying IP address information in IP packet headers while in transit across a traffic routing device

Connectionless communication

a data transmission method used in packet switching networks by which each data unit is individually addressed and routed based on information carried in each unit

FTP port


Telnet Port


SMTP port


DNS port


HTTP port


POP3 port


IMAP port


HTTPS port


RDP port


Notable connectionless protocols
Internet Protocol (IP)

User Datagram Protocol (UDP)

Internet Control MessageProtocol (ICMP)

Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX)




Network Attached Storage

Flash memory card formats include:

xD-Picture Card


Secure Digital


Memory Stick

The two most common form factors used in modern HDDs include:



Which of the following answers lists the most common battery type that can be found in modern portable devices?


Which of the following answers lists the correct order of the laser printing process?

Processing, charging, exposing, developing, transferring, fusing, cleaning


Class A

should be used for fires that involve ordinary solid combustibles, such as paper and wood


Class B

should be used for fires that involve ordinary flammable liquids and gases


Class C

should be used for fires that involve energized electrical equipment

CD capacity

700 MB


eXtended Graphics Array and has a resolution of 1024x768


Wide eXtend Graphics Array

16:9 1366x768

16:10 1280x800


Super eXtended Graphics Array



Super eXtended Graphics Array Plus



Widescreen Super eXtended Graphics Array Plus



Ultra eXtended Graphincs Array



Widescreen Ultra eXtended Graphics Array


Light sources for LCD (5)

  1. Incandescent light bulbs
  2. light-emitting diodes or LEDs
  3. an electroluminescent panel or ELP
  4. cold cathode fluorescent lamps CCFLs
  5. hot cathode fluorescent lamps HCFLs


a small circuit board that converts direct current to alternating current, providing enough power to fluorescent bulbs used as backlights to light the screen


Light emitting diode

bright image

better color contrast

draw less power


Organic Light Emitting Diode

includes a film of organic compounds that emits light in response to an electric current

OLED advantage over LED

  • better picture quality with faster refresh rates
  • lower power consumption
  • thinner more flexible screens

Difference between Express Cards and PC Cards

  • Express Cards are 2.5 times faster than PC Cards
  • Express Cards come in two different sizes

100 pin SODIMM

200 pin Sodimm

144 pin SoDimm


Nickel-metal hydride

  • less susceptible than Ni-Cd batteries to memory and overcharging problems
  • Twice the capacity of Ni-Cd batteries and are nontoxic
  • sensitive to high temp and have a limited charging capacity


Lithium-ion batteries

  • most commonly used in portable devices
  • not prone to limitations such as short memory or the false-bottom effect
  • retain their charge for linger than Ni-Cd or Nimh
  • built in safety that protects from overcharging
  • expensive



  • common
  • drawbacks: toxicity, short memory, false bottom effect
  • Only 1,000 charges and sensitive to overcharging

Smart battery technology

For Nimh and Li-Ion batteries

internal circuitry communicated with the system to indicate when a battery needs to be charged or changed

eSata speed


IDE transfer speed


Bluetooth Speed


Bluetooth Frequency

2.4 GHz

IR Speed

1 Gbps

Sata wattage?

30 watts

IDE wattage?

5 - 15 watts

SCSI wattage?

10 - 40 watts

TCP Class A

Total # Of Bits For Network ID/Host ID

8 / 24

TCP Class A

First Octet of IP Address

0xxx xxxx

TCP Class A

# Of Network ID Bits Used To Identify Class


TCP Class A

Usable # Of Network ID Bits

8-1 = 7

TCP Class A

Number of Possible Network IDs

2^7-2 = 126

TCP Class A

# Of Host IDs Per Network ID

2^24-2 = 16,277,214

TCP Class B

Total # Of Bits For Network ID/Host ID

16 / 16

TCP Class B

First Octet of IP Address

10xx xxxx

TCP Class B

# Of Network ID Bits Used To Identify Class

TCP Class B

Usable # Of Network ID Bits

16-2 = 14

TCP Class B

Number of Possible Network IDs

214 = 16,384

TCP Class B

# Of Host IDs Per Network ID

216-2 = 65,534

TCP Class C

Total # Of Bits For Network ID/Host ID

24 / 8

TCP Class C

First Octet of IP Address

110x xxxx

TCP Class C

# Of Network ID Bits Used To Identify Class


TCP Class C

Usable # Of Network ID Bits

24-3 = 21

TCP Class C

Number of Possible Network IDs

221 = 2,097,152

TCP Class C

# Of Host IDs Per Network ID

28-2 = 254