Hardware And Software Components Analysis

Improved Essays
Introduction:
The complete computer is made up of CPU (Central Processing Unit), Memory and Related Electronics, All the peripheral devices connected to it and its operating system. Computer Systems will fall into 2 categories: Clients and Servers.
Any computer system needs both hardware and software components to work together to help the computer system to work.
Hardware - Is a physical component that contributes to the build of a computer system. For example… Processor, Main memory, Secondary Memory, Input Devices, Output Devices
Software - Is computer programmes and data that help provide the BIOS instructions for telling the hardware what to do and how to do it. For example… the operating system is the most obvious system software.
…show more content…
The CPU processes everything going through, and decides how to run it in a matter of seconds. The CPU controls everything on a computer, even Windows. The CPU is most likely the most important component in a computer, since everything is so dependent upon it. The heat sink draws the heat away form the component that is being used, stops it from getting hot.

The Motherboard:
The motherboard is the connection between all of the components. The motherboard has many form factors, these will determine where the components go and the shape of the computer case. The most common motherboard form factors will either be Micro-ATX, Mini-ATX and ATX. The difference between these is the amount of expansion slots, and features. However this does depend on the more advanced motherboard you get. For example a more advanced Mini-ATX motherboard might have the same features as a standard ATX motherboard.

BIOS:
BIOS is a set of computer instructions in firmware which controls input and output operations (Basic Input Output Systems).The BIOS will make sure that all the other chips, hard drives, ports and cPU function together. There are two different types of
…show more content…
It has to have the 25pion male port although PCs will only use 9 of the pins which will be regularly changed by the 9-pin male port.
Specialized cards:
Network Interface card (NIC):
A NIC is an electronic device that connects a computer to a computer network, Mostly the Local Area Network (LAN). These network cards enable you to transfer and exchange data with the network.
Graphics card:
A graphics card is what you see on your monitor, it creates images which are made up of tiny dots called pixels. Usually it displays over a million pixels, and the computer has to make a decision on what to do with every single one in order to create an image.

Cabling:
Coaxial:
This is the old way of cabling networks. This has now recently started being used in homes, creating broadband services. This cable has an inner conductor surrounded by a tubular insulating layer, surrounded by a tubular conducting shield.
Optical:
This is a cable which has a number of optical fibers connected together, these are normally covered in their own protective plastic covers. Optical cables are used for transferring digital and data

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Nt1310 Unit 4 Assignment

    • 293 Words
    • 2 Pages

    1. Collect data – internal and external: are made up of secondary sources of data. Internal data: is a data which is already in operation and it is stored within the organisation. For example: profit and loss statement, balance sheet, sales figures and inventory records. While External of data: is the data which does not exist inside the company, but was brought by individuals from outside the organisation, for example: government sources, corporate filings and media, including broadcast, print and internet (Grimsley, Sources of Secondary Data, 2003-2015).…

    • 293 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Internet was originally called the ARPANET, and in order to enhance the ARPANET to be enable may different types of computer networks to all communicate with each other, an open source protocol needed to be created, hence the development of TCP/IP. TCP/IP improved communications throughout the network and allowed all computers to easily communicate with one another. Another technology that helped expand the ARPANET to more users in a specific location was the development of the Ethernet. Ethernet is a coaxial cable that is still used today in many local area networks. Ethernet is highly effective in moving data from one computer to another at high speeds.…

    • 790 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Nt1330 Unit 7 Exercise 1

    • 556 Words
    • 3 Pages

    1. Ethernet Ethernet is a combination of computer networking technologies most commonly used in local, metropolitan, and wide area networks. 2. Server A computer or computer program that manages access and distributes information through a centralized service in a network.…

    • 556 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Introduction The current information technology (IT) infrastructure consists of a mix of 2008 and 2008 R2 servers, with two legacy Windows 2000 servers, and four Windows Server 2012. In addition to the Windows server environment, the network consists of routers, switches, and security appliances, such as firewalls. The environment also consists of important services to ensure the security, and stability of the network.…

    • 922 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Front Panel connectors – This Connects to the front audio parts of a computer case, Power LED, Hard drive LED and the Reset switch as well as the Power switch. Front Panel USB 2.0 Connectors – This connects to any USB 2.0 Ports located at the top or in some cases the bottom of the computer case. Front Panel USB 3.0 Connectors – This connects to any USB 3.0 Ports located at top or sometimes the bottom of the computer case. Southbridge – This allows the CPU to communicate with SATA Connectors, USB Ports, Ethernet Ports, PCI Slots, PCI Express X1 Slots, and On-Board audio.…

    • 751 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Nt1310 Unit 3 Cpus

    • 1840 Words
    • 8 Pages

    In the case of chips with have a big number of pins land grid array sockets or zero insertion force sockets are used as a alternative. CPU speeds are measured in hertz or in giga hertz. Clock speed is basically the measure of how many clock cycles a CPU can do in one second. Motherboard…

    • 1840 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Please research one virus and one worm, and write a maximum 2-page single-spaced paper explaining what each of them is, what they do, what their impact was, what the mechanics of how they work are (the technical aspect), and how were they stopped. Computer virus: It is a piece of code which is loaded onto the computer without the user knowledge and runs itself. When this code is executed, it makes a copy of itself and inserts this copy into another computer programs, data files of the hard drive. Such small virus also steals hard disk space and CPU time , corrupts data.…

    • 1405 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Several expansion ports are incorporated into the motherboard which are used to house different adapter cards depending upon their connections or type. These expansion slots are detailed below: • Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) The PCI is used to attach various external hardware to the motherboard, these include: Network card, sound card, SATA card. It is important to note that a PCI cannot support a graphics card as the processing power required with recent graphics is too much for the PCI to support. An example of a PCI card is located at figure 5 (Annex A), this particular PCI card has 47 pins with notches which align with the PCI port.…

    • 1605 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Nt1310 Unit 3 Components

    • 152 Words
    • 1 Pages

    The first component that needs to be bought is the Case. The case is what holds all of the components for a computer work. In order to make the case useful it has to have many components like the motherboard. The motherboard is how all the components 0f a computer communicate . The motherboard is screwed into the left side of the case.…

    • 152 Words
    • 1 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Interrupts are most important as they give user the better control over the computer. Without interrupts, a user have to wait for a given task to complete in a specific time management with the higher priotity. This ensures that the CPU will charge the process immediately. 2. What is a trap?…

    • 681 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This consist primary storage and secondary storage, e.g. Hard disk, Universal Serial Bus (USB) and Floppy Disk etc. · Graphics: According to Wikipedia (2017)…

    • 363 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Central Processing Unit (CPU) which is made up of three major components, the arithmetic/logic unit (ALU), the control unit (CU) and memory by combining the ALU and CU together you get the CPU), (Englander, I. 2014). The arithmetic/logic unit holds data temporary and where calculation are processed the control units controls and deciphers the execution command and follow the instruction that goes with the sequence of actions. The control unit determines the particular instruction to be executed by reading the program counter (PC) (Englander, I. 2014). Primary memory holds program instructions and data and interacts directly with the CPU during program execution. The control unit also reads and interprets instructions from memory and transforms them into a series of signals to activate other parts of the computer.…

    • 567 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Nt1330 Unit 1 Study

    • 419 Words
    • 2 Pages

    1.2.1 Studying Server Consolidation Server consolidation is an approach to the capable usage of computer server sources in order to reduce the total number of servers or server location that an organization needs. The practice was developed in reply to the problem of “server sprawl,” a position in which several under-utilized servers take up more space and consume more sources than can be acceptable by their workload. SERVER PRODUCT ARCHITECTURE A few definitions provide a good starting point. Three terms are important to VMware: 1.…

    • 419 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Unit 28 P1 And P3

    • 1265 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Unit 28 – P1 & M1 In this report I will explain the brief outline of the web architecture and components which allow the internet and website to function. I will construct a flow diagram to show the various different stages and processes that information must pass through to get from server to screen. Web Architecture Web architecture is the term used for web design, this is a method to plan and design websites. Web architecture focuses on the user and user requirements.…

    • 1265 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Great Essays

    3. Giganet Ethernet will be used between switches but Fiber will be used between backbone switches. In this network, we used straight- through cabling to link the following devices 1. Switch to router 2.…

    • 884 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Great Essays