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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What/when is the first wave the second wave?

Foundational Years 1973-1981

Early Commercial Years 1979-1983

Define Jeli and Griot

West african term for musician/storyteller/historian that teaches history/culture through long/complex stories

Coined term of a Jeli

Define Trickster

Who is the "hare"?

Ability to manipulate people and outcomes to personal advantage. And brings to light what's hidden

The person that tricks gods

What is toasting?

Give a song as an example

An enactment, re-telling, and exaggeration of an event performed through rhymed couplets or prose in celebration/homage of an outlaw

Grandmaster Melle Mel "Jesse"

What is boasting?

Give a song as an example

Praising, bragging, and amplifying reality

Sugarhill Gang "Rapper's Delight"

What is playing the dozens?

Give song examples

A ritual insult tradition involving competitive play as a form of verbal dual. It's roots lie in boasting and toasting

Wuf Ticket "Ya Mama"

The Furious Five Meets The Sugarhill Gang "Showdown"

Hotstylz ft. Yung Joc "Lookin' Boy"

Eminem "Rap God"

What is signifying?

Form of verbal dueling employing subtle insults through deeper, hiden and obscure meanings that are meant to be understood by people within the sub-culture

What are MC Battles?

Give example

A verbal competition between MCs using lyrical strategies (praising dj, boasting about skills and engaging audience) in a battle (not typically insults) for supremecy

What is freestyling?

An improvisatory approah to rapping with roots in poetry

What battle changed the general tradition?

How did each person in the battle change the tradition?

Busy Bee and Kool Moe Dee "Christmas 1981"

Busy Bee

-Shout outs and call and response

Kool Moe Dee

- Aggressive, faster and disrespectful Insults towards opponents

What was the Roxanne Wars?

An answer rap phenomena resulting in 100 tracks by the end as a battle revolving around the original track by UTFO "Roxanna Roxanna" responded by Roxanne Shante

What is involved in African American Girl Culture? What tracks can this be seen?

Handclapping games, ring games, and double dutch jump rope

Missy Elliott "Gossip Folks"

Lil Mama "Lip Gloss"

Salt-n-Pepa "Push It"

Frankie Smith "Double Dutch Bus"

Who are the Old School DJs?

DJ Kool Herc

Afrika Bambaata

Grandmaster Flash

What are some of the techniques and terms where created during the Roots of Hip Hop DJ Culture?


Punch Phrase

Clock Theory


B-Beat Music


Needle Dropping

What 3 identifiable features of early Hip-Hop was DJ Kool Herc responsible for?


Outdoor sound system

Creation of b-beat Music

What songs was Afrika Bambaata known for?

What did his parties do that was important?

"Zulu Nation Throwdown"

"Planet Rock"

Helped integrate african american and Latino Gang members giving them an alternative to street gang culture

What was important about Grandmaster Flash?

What song is he known for?

- Influential for making socially conscious hip-hop music dealing with modern issues

- Innovative DJ equipment

- Worked with FUrious Five

"The Message"

What moves did GrandMaster Flash use/create?

Cutting: Moving between tracks exactly on the beat

Backspinning (Quick mix theory): The process of creating a loop by alternating between two copies of one record on a specific spot

Phasing (Punch phase and Clock theory): Playing two records at the same spot so that they create a partial phase cancellation

What is scratching, who created it?

Why is it important?

What is a mixer?

What is a song example with it?

When a vinyl record is pushed/pulled under a turntable stylus. It was created by GrandWizzard Theodore

Scratching led to the turntable being used as an instrument which in turn led to DJ competition.

A device controlling the volume of multiple turntables allowing for only the desired sounds to be audible

"Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel"

What was important about the song "Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel" and what techniques were used in it?

The DJ is introduced as an artist within the commercial mainstream

- Beat-juggling (similar to Kool Herc's Merry-go-Round)

- Backspinning (Quick Mix Theory) and Clock Theory

- Punch Phasing