Hip Hop Subculture Essay

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Over the past forty years, hip-hop has emerged as one of the biggest contributors to American culture. American youth today use hip-hop music to voice the social, political, economic, and cultural conditions in their lives. Hip-hop today also reflects its origin from working-class African-Americans in New York City, and continues to serve as the voice of these people. As the popularity of hip-hop has grown, its marketability has also risen. This paper will discuss how hip-hop has managed to grow from being a subculture in the South Bronx, to being common in almost every country around the world.
Hip hop is usually seen as a genre of music instead of a culture. The culture that is hip hop is made up of the four components: DJing,
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He used a new turntable technique to stretch a song’s drum break and play two songs simultaneously. Sampling technology and drum-machines came around after Herc’s new technique was introduced. The machines were used to make beats that were played at block parties in New York City by people like DJ Kool Herc. These beats were the isolation of the percussion breaks in the two popular genres funk and soul.
BBoying is the dancing that is most associated with hip hop music. The term “BBoying” was coined by DJ Kool Herc when he described the people dancing to his music as “breakdancing”. This “breaking”, according to Herc, was actually slang for getting excited, or dancing with high energy. BBoys and BGirls would dance during the breaks within songs, and later had competitions where the music was catered to only consist of these breaks.
The next characteristic of hip hop that formed in the 70s is also the most popular form today. MCing, or rapping is the lyrical speaking over, usually in rhyme, over an instrumental beat. Post-civil rights era culture was driven into most MC’s lyrics. Early MCs were usually found in groups like The Furious Five, and Funky Four Plus One. It took the popularity of LL Cool J in the early 1980s for solo artists to become more

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