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14 Cards in this Set

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American Anti-Slavery Society (1833-1870)
Abolitionist society founded by William Lloyd Garrison, who advocated the immediate abolition of slavery. By 1838, the organization had more than 250,000 members across 1,350 chapters.
American Colonization Society
Reflecting the focus of early abolitionists on transporting freed blacks back to Africa, the organization established Liberia, a West-African settlement intended as a haven for emancipated slaves.
Amistad (1839)
Spanish slave ship dramatically seized off the coast of Cuba by the enslaved Africans aboard. The ship was driven ashore in Long Island and the slaves were put on trial. Former president John Quincy Adams argued their case before the Supreme Court, securing their eventual release.
Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World (1829)
Incendiary abolitionist track advocating the violent overthrow of slavery. Published by David Walker, a Southern-born free black.
black belt
Region of the Deep South with the highest concentration of slaves. The “Black belt” emerged in the nineteenth century as cotton production became more profitable and slavery expanded south and west.
Slave drivers who employed the lash to brutally “break” the souls of strong-willed slaves.
Gag Resolution
Prohibited debate or action on antislavery appeals. Driven through the House by pro-slavery Southerners, the gag resolution passed every year for eight years, eventually overturned with the help of John Quincy Adams.
West-African nation founded in 1822 as a haven for freed blacks, fifteen thousand of whom made their way back across the Atlantic by the 1860s.
Mason-Dixon Line
Originally drawn by surveyors to resolve the boundaries between Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania and Virginia in the 1760s, it came to symbolize the North-South divide over slavery.
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845)
Vivid autobiography of the escaped slave and renowned abolitionist Frederick Douglass.
Nat Turner’s rebellion (1831)
Virginia slave revolt that resulted in the deaths of sixty whites and raised fears among white Southerners of further uprisings.
Call and response style of preaching that melded Christian and African traditions. Practiced by African slaves in the South.
The Liberator (1831-1865)
Antislavery newspaper published by William Lloyd Garrison, who called for the immediate emancipation of all slaves.
West Africa Squadron (established 1808)
British Royal Navy force formed to enforce the abolition of the slave trade in 1807. It intercepted hundreds of slave ships and freed thousands of Africans.