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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back


The process of modifying or changing a culture due to the transfer of ideas and elements from another culture.


The grouping and organizing of humans based on skin color and physical appearance. Racial ideas and generalizations are societal and political ideas rather than biological.


The social identity of a group based on traditions, culture, and ideas rather than by skin color (race) and physical appearance. Races can typically share ethnicity but is very widespread overall.

Cultural linkage

A common cultural idea that is shared universally by ethnic groups within a culture that bolsters cultural identity and ethnic relations.

Cultural revival

The recreation of a larger identity based around a culture between groups that are geographically diverged from the original source area.

Ethnic Islands

Small sets of the same ethnic group located and dispersed in a larger cultural area, region, or context.


The study of how things are inherited, passed down through generations to offspring.


Types of traits that are formed from genes that are responsible for the organism's structure and build.

Ex: height and eye color


Specific details as to how the traits from genes are expressed or represented.

Ex: Genotype- Eye color
Phenotype- Blue eyes


The cultural idea that different races, ethnic groups, and cultures coexist together within one society.


Attitudes and beliefs subjugated to races that deem one superior to another while the inferior races are treated poorly in return.

Ex: White nationalist racism ideology in hate groups: KKK

Chapter 31: Applying Q.1
What factors led to the transformation? How does migration from Africa challenge the idea that African-Americans are a single distinct ethnic group?

Slaves, despite the different parts of Africa, were treated as an inferior people who come from the same race because of their skin color. Ethnic group identity didn't matter as the White owners saw their slaves as from the same kind of people.
African-Americans is a broad categorization as Africa is divided into many ethnic backgrounds and cultures. While they may come from the same race, their ethnicity proves to be the key difference. So African-Americans is the term to describe people who are American that come from Africa.

Dowry Deaths

The death (by suicide, murder) of a married woman over the dispute of monetary debts brought to the husband by the woman when they get married (dowry).


The right to vote (in this case, women's right to vote) and citizenship to a country granted by a government and nation.

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

A barbaric tradition in parts of the world where females suffer a type of circumcision which serves to control a woman's experience and attitude with sex but results in infection, infertility, and difficulties in childbirth.

Female infanticide

The intentional murder of newborn female babies in places where female social status is lower than males.

Ex: India and China


The social and cultural classification or identification of a sex (male or female mostly but there are now many genders).

Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR)

The rate of which mothers die during childbirth out of 100,000 live births.

Chp. 32 Q.1

Explain the factors to how males outnumber women and what changes are needed to to solve this issue.

Male dominance numerically occurs due to societies who traditionally have males as the higher social status. This dates back thousands of years where men were the hunters and gatherers while women stayed to protect and take care of children.

To solve this, many cultures would have to change their traditions and ideas to fully view women as equal to men.

Chp. 32 Q.2

What landscapes in the community are dominated by men? How are these places uninviting to women? How do they affect women's activities?

Entertainment clubs or any neighborhood at night. These settings uninvite women for the danger they may present.

Chp. 31 Q. 2

Explain how the idea that territorial identity is the cause of ethnic conflict might differ on the scale of state or province in comparison to a city.