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57 Cards in this Set

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Agricultural Density

The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture

Ratio land farmers

Arithmetic Density

The total number of people divided by the total land area

Kinda like average with land and people

Base Line

An East-West line designated under the land ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States

Ordinance, surveying


The science of making maps


The spread of something over a given area


Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space

Relations, things, space

Contagious Diffusion

The rapid, wide spread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population

Rapid population trend

Cultural Ecology

Geographic approach that emphasizes human environment relations

Geographic human relations


Body of customary beliefs, social forms, and martial traits that together constitute a groups distinct tradition


The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area

Frequency, given area, existence


Process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time

Trend, place to place, time, spread

Distance decay

The diminishing in importance, an eventual, disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origins

Diminishing-dissolving importance, increasing distance, origins, phenomenon


The arrangement of something across earths surface

Arrangement, earths surface

Environmental determinism

A 19th and early 20th century approach to the study of geography which argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences geography was there for the study of how the physical environment caused human activities

Physical environment & human activity, 19th and 20th century, geography, physical sciences

Expansion diffusion

The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process

Place to place, snowballing, trend

Formal region or uniform region

An area in which everyone shares and one or more distinct characteristic

Group, similar characteristic

Functional region

An area organized around a note or focal point

Center point, region/area

Geographic information system G I S

A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data

Computer gathered data

Global positioning system GPS

A system that determines the precise position of something on earth through a series of satellites, trafficking stations, and receivers

Guide, location/position, earths surface


Actions are processes that involve the entire world and results and making something worldwide in scope

Processes ,entire world ,world wide, scope/scale

Greenwich meantime GMT

The time in that zone encompassing the primer meridian or 0° longitude

Time zone, prime meridian, engulfing


The region from which innovative ideas originate

Area, originate, innovative ideas

Hierarchical diffusion

The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or note of authority or power to the other persons or places

Trend, person of power or authority, place to place

International date line

And art that for the most part of follows 180 degrees longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. Where you cross the international dateline heading east, Towards America, the clock moves back 24 hours, or one entire day. When you go west, toward Asia, the calendar moves ahead one day.

180 degrees, east- set back 24h-, west- go forward 24h, deviations

Land ordinance of 1785

A law that divided much of the United States into townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers

Law, townships, US, Sale-settlers


The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator, 0°. [Measures distance east to west but runs north to south]

M[e-w] & R[n-s]


The position of anything on Earth's surface


The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east to west of the prime meridian, 0°. [Measures distance from the equator, across, and measuring north to south but runs east to west]

M[s-n] & R[e-w]


A two dimensional or flat representation of earths surface or a portion of it

Mental map

A representation of a portion of earths surface based on what an individual knows that a place containing personal impressions of what is in a place where places are located


An arc drawn on a map between the north and south poles


A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the Meridians


The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area

Arrangement, study area, geometric

Physiological density

The number of people per-unit area of Arable land which is when suitable for agriculture

AV people, unit, arable land


A specific point on earth distinguished by a particular character

Labeled, point, distinctive character


Land created by the Dutch by draining water from and area

Manmade land, draining water, Dutch


The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action for many alternatives

Theory, environmental limitations, adaption, alternatives.

Prime Meridian

The Meridian, designated as 0° longitude, that passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England

0°, Royal Observatory, Greenwich

Principal meridian

A north-south line designated in the land ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the serving and numbering of townships in the United States

Think of baseline but instead of East West line it is a north south line


The system used to transfer locations from Earth surface to a flat map

Earths surface to 2D surface


An area distinguished by unique combination of trends or features

Trends, area, distinguished, combination

Cultural landscape

And approach to geography the emphasizes the relationships among social and physical phenomena a particular study area

Approach, concentrates on relations in social and physical phenomena

Relocation diffusion

The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another

Place to place, trend, immigration or emigration


The acquisition of data about earths surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from other long-distance methods

Data, earth surface, satellite, methods


A substance in the environment that is useful to people, is economically and technologically feasible to access, and is socially excepted bowl to use

Useful to people, socially excepted, economically and technologically easy to access


Generally the relationship between the portion of earths being studied and earth as a whole: specifically, the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth surface

Relation to size on earth and size on map


A square normally 1 mile on a side Glenn ordinance of 1785 divided townships in the United States into 36 sections

Unit usually one square mile


The physical character of a place


The location of the place relative to another place


The physical gap or interval between two objects

The physical gap or interval between two objects

Space-time compression

The reduction in time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems

Stimulus diffusion

The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected

Trend of underlying principle despite rejection of a specific characteristic


The name given to a portion of earths surface



A square normally 6 miles on the side. The land ordinance of 1785 divided much of the United States into a series of townships

Frequently found in North America -6mi

Transnational Corporation

A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where it's home quarters or shareholders are located

Uneven development

The increasing gap and economic conditions between core and Peripheral for all regions as a result of the globalization of the economy

Economic gap. Economic globalization

Perpetual region

An area that people believe exists as a part of their cultural identity

Cultural identity