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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


Study of the structure of the body and its parts

Gross Anatomy

Large structures and organs

Microscopic Anatomy

Structures too small to be seen with the human eye


Study of how the body functions


Basic unit of a chemical element


Smallest unit of life that can replicate independently


Material animals and humans are made of


a part of an organism that is typically self-contained and has a specific vital function, such as the heart or liver in humans.

Organ Systems

Group of organs that work together to perform multiple functions


An individual animal, plant, or single celled lifeform

Six levels of structural organization

Atoms, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms

Integumentary System

Skin, hair, fingernails,

Forms a barrier around the body, regulates body temperature, and contains nerves

Skeletal System

Bones, cartilidge, ligaments, joints

Provided structure, muscle attatchment, protects organs, forms red blood cells, and stores minerals

Muscular System

Attaches to bones and makes them move

Nervous System

Brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors

Responds to internal and external stimuli, assesses and activates affected, controls the body

Endocrine System

Secretes chemical molecules, controls growth, reproduction, and uses minerals

Cardiovascular System

Heart, blood vessels

Transports oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, waste products, and hormones

Contains white blood cells

Lymphatic System

Lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes lymphoid organs

Compliments the cardiovascular system by returning leaked fluids to the blood stream

Cleanses blood

Houses white blood cells

Respiratory System

Nasal passages, pharnyx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs

Exchanges gasses with the blood through air sacs in the lung, supplies oxygen to the body, removes carbon dioxide

Urinary System

Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra

Maintains acid-base balance

Regulates water and electrolyte balance

Eliminates nitrogenous waste

Reproductive system

Males: testes, scrotum, penis, accessory glands, duct system

Females: ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina


Adenosine triphosphate, energy rich molecules that power cellular activities