The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief analysis of the United States Army’s organizational structure and its culture and how these two elements impact its workers, associates and affiliates. This paper will first examine the Army’s history, development and structure to highlight the origins of the Army’s culture. Secondly, a brief history of the Army’s organizational development will be followed by a close examination of its philosophy and supporting beliefs. Lastly, this paper will discuss the role of the Army’s leadership, their response to critical issues and the organizational structure of the Army. An analysis of the army’s top leaders will help the reader to understand the Army culture more thoroughly in the context of the
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Since 1775, the United States has grown from a loosely organized confederation of thirteen English colonies scattered along the Atlantic seaboard to a superpower whose influence reaches around the globe (Hogan, 2004 & Schrader, 2003). The U.S. Army has contributed immeasurably to the rise of the American nation, first as the shield of the Republic during its colonial days and later as a means to project power in defense of American interests worldwide. The Army’s contributions, however, go far beyond the role of a military force. Its ready availability as a source of disciplined and skilled personnel has made it an attractive option for American leaders confronted with a wide array of nonmilitary demands and crises (Heller, 2004).
The Army, as one of the three military departments (e.g.: Army, Navy and Air Force) reporting to the Department of Defense, is composed of two distinct and equally important components: the active component and the reserve components. The reserve components are the United States Army Reserve and the Army National Guard. The President of the United States is also the Commander-in-Chief for all U.S. military forces. Although the President is the commander-in-Chief this does not mean that the Army only has one leader. Like many corporations the Army has various levels of leadership. Although the exact details of the Army’s structure are complicated and well beyond the scope of this paper the basic army structure consist