The Planning and Design of Athletic Equipment Essay
1. The outsole: The under surface of the shoe, usually made from carbon rubber. Below is in-depth information about the outsole. The main function of the outsole is to provide traction as well as to reduce wear on the mid-sole thereby increasing the overall durability of the shoe. Early outsole units were made of leather or rubber and were modified according to the athlete's need. For example, early running shoes used for track events could best be described as leather shoes with nails driven through them. Today, the outsoles for track shoes have plastic plates molded into them that allow a runner to change the spikes used dependent on the day's event. Early basketball shoes used a rubber compound that provided some cushioning but tended to wear out pretty easily. Little thought was given to traction relative to specific movements in basketball, like running vs. pivoting, as well as to the type of surface the game was being played on. Today, basketball shoes reflect the need to address the differences between surface types, indoor wooden courts vs. outdoor concrete courts, as wells as the understanding that frictional needs differ, depending on the movement, in different areas of the outsole.
Factors to be considered when designing the outsole: