Essay about The Meaningfulness of Dreams
Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory gave birth to a concept that the dreams are the products of one’s unacceptable and unconscious desires and needs which more often than not represent sexual and aggressive urges. The main purpose of dreaming here being wish fulfillment. The dreams we actually experience are called our manifest dreams and are disguised versions of our real world dreams which are called latent dreams. Freud’s theory is based on symbolism and interpretation in a way, that the key to understanding one’s dreams is to compare both latent and manifest areas thoroughly having in mind the potential sexual aspect. The criticism of this theory concerns the subjectivity of dream analysis as the same dream can be differently understood by different individuals with each of them having a unique point of view.
Naturally contrasting and alternative theory to the one introduced by Freud would be the activation-synthesis theory by Allan Hobson (if one considers the purpose to be the major point in the theory). Dreams represent no purpose and serve no function at all, meaning that they are