The Industrial Revolution and the Arts Essay

1377 Words 6 Pages
In the late 18th century, many countries were slowly being transformed into industrialized places; cities were getting bigger, industries were growing everywhere and many technologies like steam engines were appearing. This phenomenon called the Industrial Revolution first started in England and then spread to France and Germany. Industrialization helped in the development of society, the economy and at some point, art, but it also left behind a devastated society. In fact, the Industrial Revolution was a great inspiration for artists who lived in that time. For instance, the impressionist French artist Claude Monet painted La Gare de Saint-Lazare (1877) at the beginning of the revolution. Adolph Menzel, a German realist painter, also …show more content…
In fact, some impressionists depicted the growing conflict between the rural areas and industrialization, because of the old town transformed in a modern metropolis with long boulevards and many places that symbolizes innovation (Welton 6).
Monet found his inspiration for his paintings in his modernized environment characterized by the development of rail transport. In 1877, Monet painted La Gare de Saint-Lazare, a painting that represents the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century. In this work of art, Monet depicts the Gare Saint-Lazare in Paris. Many artists, including the impressionists, lived close to this train station making this station a real inspiration for their art. For instance, Monet owned a little studio near the station, which gave him the creativeness to paint this place. Monet’s painting is composed of many modern elements like the railways and also the focal point, which is the black steam locomotive in the middle of the canvas. Moreover, the structure of the station is made out of iron, an important material during the Industrial Revolution. Iron improved the engines, the solidity of the bridges and combined with the coal, it is what permitted the expansion of industrialization. With the dense smoke that is covering the scene, Monet wanted to give an unpleasant

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