Essay on Reflect on Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs)

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1. What was the purpose of the Monson, C. M., Fredman, S. J., Macdonald, A., Pukay-Martin, N. D., Resick, P. A., & Schnurr, P. P. (2012) study?
The purpose of the study was to further examine and compare cognitive-behavioral conjoint therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with a wait-list condition (Monson, Fredman, Macdonald, Pukay-Martin, Resick, & Schnurr, 2012). The therapy that was chosen was described as focusing on couples where one partner has been diagnosed with PTSD. Cognitive-behavioral conjoint therapy aimed at treating both the PTSD symptoms and enhancing relationship satisfaction (Monson et al., 2012). Monson et al. (2012) defined posttraumatic stress disorder as a condition that affects the well-being of the
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In addition, the researchers made sure to keep the assessors, who were collecting outcome data, unaware of the assigned study, so that they will not be influenced by that knowledge throughout the course of the research (i.e. baseline, at 8 weeks, 15.86 weeks, and at an uncontrolled 3-month follow-up) (Monson et al., 2012).
2. Discuss the pros and cons of the authors’ procedures for obtaining subjects.
The authors used participants from two different areas geographical regions the Department of Veterans Affairs outpatient hospital setting in Boston, Massachusetts, and a university research center in Toronto, Canada (Monson et al., 2012). This is strategically difficult that the locations are in two different countries and not all “one roof.” However, the researchers identify their population of interest and where recruitment would occur. They considered the eligibility by assessing diagnosis criteria.
This type of study could have difficulty recruiting a control group willing to commit to the months of treatment, and this could be expensive (Monson et al., 2012). Lastly, there could be ethical issues in research application, such as researcher not being able to control the means in which each individual provides the cognitive-behavioral conjoint therapy (Monson et al., 2012).
However, using randomized controlled trials is an independent and objective method of research. It eliminates sample and selection bias,

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