Interactions with the Gods
Nothing can be more life changing than when a god chooses to interact with a mortal man. Much of Greek mythology describes the natures of these interactions. The Olympian Gods meddle with the mortals they rule over constantly, but what is the result for these interactions, and how do they impact the mortals? The question that this paper tries to address is what is the nature of these divine interaction, and how does each side truly perceive each other? The Gods and mortals interact in a variety of ways, but the true natures of these interactions truly describe how the ancient Greeks perceived their gods. Before one can understand the interactions between the Gods and mortals, one first has to understand
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The use of adjectives such as churning better describe qualities of a force of nature than an anthropomorphic deity . In essence, Achilles is not so much fighting a God, as he is fighting a force of nature. Another good example deals with the nature of Posiedon in the Odyssey. Posiedon play the role of the sea God as well as the sea itself . In book 5 of the Odyssey, Odysseus attempts to drown Odysseus “ –churned the waves into chaos, whipping all the gales from every quarter…” ( Odyssey, book 5, lines 322-323). Posiedon displays both the natural and anthropomorphic facets of his nature. What does this have to do with the divine interactions with humans? Simply stated, the Gods are generally human in characteristics, therefore they have the same motives as mortals. Because the Gods have the same motivations as mortal men their actions can be predicted. Divine interactions and relationships with mortals can be compared to a mortal kingdom. The Gods are the ruling class, and the mortals occupy the lower classes. Kings and heroes occupy the middle class, they are greater than other mortals, but lesser than the gods. A majority of Greek heroes and kings trace their lineage back to one of the Gods, and use it to claim superiority over other mortals. Odysseus, Achilles, Heracles, Atreus, Agamemnon, and many other heroes claim divine parentage, but this will be discussed more later. .
When talking about divine interactions,