Essay about Exercise and Disease Prevention

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Exercise and Disease Prevention

Over the past century we have become increasingly sedentary due to the technical advancements of today's world. Ironically, while machines and improvements in transportation and communication have made our lives easier, studies show that the decline in our physical activity associated with these advancements plays a large role in the decline of our health.

A Surgeon General's report (Anonymous,1996) addresses the finding that continuous and consistent physical activity is proven to enhance longevity and the quality of life for people of all ages. Furthermore, the report notes that although it has been recognized for years that regular physical activity can lead to substantial health benefits, 60% of
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(Haskell, 1996)

Disease Prevention Benefits of Exercise

While physical activity and exercise provide health benefits which positively effect a wide range of factors contributing to the quality of life, there are a few overarching areas of disease or health complications where regular exercise predominately reduces risk or aids in controlling disease.

1. Heart disease

2. Some forms of cancer

3. Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

4. Obesity

5. Weakened Immune system

6. Autoimmune disease - Rheumatoid arthritis

Web Links on General Benefits of Exercise: http://www.ccn.cs.dal.ca/Health/CPRC/exercise.html http://www.vh.radiology.uiowa.edu/Providers/ClinGuide/PreventionPractice/ACouseling/56.htm

Exercise and Heart Disease

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in America. The American Heart Association has stated that the leading cause of heart disease is physical inactivity. (http://www.columbia.net/drfrist/exercise.html) The Surgeon General's report (Anonymous, 1996) states that "regular physical activity or cardiorespiratory fitness decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease mortality in general and of coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in particular. Regular physical activity prevents or delays the development of high blood pressure in people with hypertension". Due to the complexity and the numerous possible causes to heart disease and failure, it is logical that physical

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