Erik Erikson is an ego psychologist. According to Erikson, a child growing environment is very important and as it provides growth environment, adjustment, source of awareness, and identity to a child. If the environment was rich in what had been mentioned above, a child would grow healthily or vice versa, he or she will have an unhealthy development.
Ego of a person develops when one successfully solves the crisis at each stage of development and when this phenomenon occurs, it results in healthy personality. For an instance, a sense of trust in others, sense of identity in society, and preparation of next generation for the future. Not to forget that basic virtues, the ability which ego can use to solve subsequent crisis also would
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Virtue of hope is then being developed in the infant. On the other hand, if the infant failed to sense the love and care from the parents, they would feel insecure and sense of mistrust would develop in the infant. They will lose hope, and feel insecure in their world, thus, anxiety occurs in one self. Autonomy vs. shame and doubt is the second stage of the development, it happens between 1 and the half years old to 3 years old. During this period, Erikson stated that it is important for parents to encourage their children on what they have done and give them the opportunity to discover the limits of their abilities. The encouragement of the parents will lead their child to be more independence. Also, children should be educated to complete particular task by themselves. If they could do so, they would become more confident and have the ability to survive in the world. Vice versa, they will be lack of self-esteem and have a sense of shame on their own abilities. From age three to age five, the crisis that turns up in this stage is initiative vs. guilt. During this stage, children already started to communicate with the other children in school, and this created an opportunity for children to explore their interpersonal skills indirectly. Sense of initiative would be developed in the children when they feel secure in their leadership in a game that