Cooperative Learning Essay
I decided to investigate co-operative learning (CL) for two main reasons, firstly because …show more content…
There is obviously not a set date for when CL was first developed but Johnson and Johnson believe that the idea of CL is very old, linking it to the Hebrew Talmud and the Roman Philosopher Seneca, who ‘advocated cooperative learning through statements such as, "Qui Docet Discet" (when you teach, you learn twice)’(Johnson and Johnson, retrieved 2010). Cooperative learning can also be traced to Joseph Lancaster and Andrew Bell in the 1700s and through quite a few different ventures in America such as the Common School Movement in the 1800s, and to philosophers like John Dewey, Vygotsky, Piaget and Lewin in the early 1900s. Between 1930 and 1960 the focus shifted to ‘interpersonal competition’ and ‘individualistic learning’ (Johnson and Johnson, n.d), but returned to CL around 1980.
When teaching CL there are five essential elements that students need to learn to work cohesively as a group, these are Positive Interdependence or making sure that