Math Talk Literature Review

Good Essays
As I began reviewing literature on math talks, I came to find many terms that are synonymous with math talk. Math discussions, discourse, talk moves, and argumentation are among several terms I encountered. All of these, I found to have the same goal: to get all students involved. To give them opportunities to think, communicate, and reason their ideas.

Classroom Environment
The stage must first be set to provide an environment so students feel safe in sharing their ideas. They need a place where they feel safe talking about mathematics. This will only happen if there is trust within the classroom. Affecting the ways ideas are exchanged and developed, math talk supports a social learning environment for children. It creates a community
…show more content…
In small groups there is a focus on “thinking” instead of just “getting an answer” (Cooke & Adams, 1998). “If student’s have to defend their solution to others in small groups…they will develop a better understanding of the mathematics and more confidence in their own ability to solve difficult problems” (1998). Part of the skill students are developing is their ability to convince another student that their ideas are valid (1998). Modeling and showing students what they should look and sound like when working in small groups is important. To help them with focusing, let students know what they should be saying when they are talking in their group, “I should hear words like equal, not equal.” Letting students know what they should focus on when someone else in their group is sharing, helps make sure everyone is actively …show more content…
(Leinwood, 2014; Van de Wall, 2013) One common pattern is: teacher asks a question, student answers the question, teacher confirms or challenges the question. Van de Valle (2013) calls this “initiation-response-feedback” or “IRF” pattern which does not lead to a class discussion that encourages all students to think and participate. Another pattern that does not encourage participation is “funneling,” where a teacher continues to push students to get them to a particular answer. However, the “focusing” pattern, which uses probing questions to negotiate a classroom discussion, is a questioning pattern that does help students better understand what is being taught. The math moves discussed above help to create a “focusing”

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    This is key when having group discussions about math. Children need to feel confortable when expressing their opinions and answers in discussions about math. In order for this to happen, children need to feel that their interactions are positive. A teacher can achieve this by using all students’ responses and answers as a learning opportunity, whether the student’s response was right or wrong. Instead of telling the child that their answer is wrong a teacher might say, “I see where your coming from” or “You’re on the right track.” This creates trust in the environment, so children feel free to learn without judgment.…

    • 1325 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Teaching Math Strategies

    • 1613 Words
    • 7 Pages

    The process of collecting data can be a wonderful opportunity to facilitate collaboration among students and provide opportunities for them to help one another with the task of gathering data (p. 92). While daily data should begin as a whole group activity, the learning could be extended by having students create a graph or the information in a math journal. By writing number sentences about the data collected, student can further extend their understanding. These extensions move children beyond collecting and analyzing data to increase conceptual understanding of the various representations of numbers (p. 93). Writing About Math In addition to talking about math problems and concepts, it is also important to write about math.…

    • 1613 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Even though I do understand that students need to be able to solve problems logically without the use of tools, assessments should not be the place to remove them. Instead, during class work and discussions is where students should approach challenges to not use certain forms or methods in investigating and solving problems should take place. By allowing students appropriate time with manipulatives and then moving toward more abstract expressions of content, students will form a deeper understanding of the content. This improves student reasoning, which in turn strengthens their ability to work through standardized test problems. This encourages discussions and questions that will lead to an active and safe learning…

    • 852 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Overcoming Math Anxiety

    • 830 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Know your teacher so that when discussions come up then you can feel comfortable. Finally, understanding math goes together with memorization. (Haralson) There are strategies for success to prevent math anxiety. Students learn in different ways so lessons need to be presented in different ways. Make math fun and use games such as Life, Yahtzee, Battleship, and Tangrams.…

    • 830 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Teaching math can be a bit hard because some students will not understand the analytical and computational skill immediately. Planning a detailed lesson plan and handing it to students to execute can be helpful. This strategy is helpful because students will start to work on their own and then start asking me questions. In this matter, I can explain, demonstrate, and elucidate those areas that each student needs precisely. To have my students learn math, they will need to work in small groups cooperatively such as sharing explanations and applying their mathematical thinking skill.…

    • 813 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Engaging in honest and open conversations with the student will lead to mutual trust and may also help to better understand the students educational needs. According to Connely and Protheroe (2009), ”student discussion of homework can provide helpful feedback “ (p.45). I plan on implementing this type of policy withing my classroom. Middle school students are at the age where they are highly influenced by peer pressure and may not always make the best choices. That is why I plan to interact with my students, which will help me better fins their needs both academically and socially.…

    • 761 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Been able to use literature during a lesson is extremely important. This method helps the student understand, adopt, and use their prior learning. Literature is an easy method by teachers to help student feel comfortable and related. The student increases their ability to understand cognitively and develop language." Teachers can reach a child in a non-threatening way by reading children’s literature that helps teach math concepts and connect the learner’s mathematical understanding and at the same time not feeling intimidate, threaten, or turn-off a child to mathematics like some traditional approaches may have.…

    • 776 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Chapter 3 discusses the teacher’s role in the classroom and learning process. The book focuses on how the students can reflect and communicate in the classroom. In my opinion, reflection and communication are the keys to student success. I think it is important for students to reflect on mathematics in order to gain an understanding of not only how to problem-solve, but also understand why they are problem-solving and how it applies to everyday life. I also think that communication is important in the classroom.…

    • 871 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    They begin to explore problems, situations, and while doing this they are learning mathematics. Students are also doing it on their own and are exploring the many possible situations there can be for the mathematical problem. The students here are the ones who are asking questions, seeking out patterns or making connections. This is a great way for students to think outside the box and understand that there can be several ways to solve a problem. The teacher here is the one who sets up the context and introduces it to them and then allows the students to work on the problem.…

    • 730 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Math Teaching Philosophy

    • 1198 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Therefore I believe that to teach students the curriculum effectively while also sharing the love of math is to provide appropriate notes and examples but as well as including task that involve student exploration, technology, and engaging information. I also think that peers learn a lot from each other, so I will also let students be in charge of teaching topics so that their peers can explain it better then I possibly could. But in order to tech students to connect math to the real world I will incorporate task and activities they do relate to the real life. I can remember specifically projects that involved managing finances and using math specifically in a real world context. Therefore I believe that doing this within the classroom regularly will teach students the importance of learning these topics and what to do with that knowledge in the real world.…

    • 1198 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays

Related Topics