Globally, the practice of abortion terminates millions of pregnancies every year. In the United States alone, abortion “peaked in 1990 (1.6 million), and public support for abortion peaked soon thereafter”. This statistic was averaged to 1.3 million every year. Historically, two opposing groups have emerged in debates over abortion-the “Pro-life” and the “Pro-choice.” The main question is in the determination of whether a fetus is “human” or “nonhuman.” The pro-life camp believes that the fetus is a human from the moment of conception, and any attempt to remove an early pregnancy is simply an act of “murder”, and a denial of life to the helpless unborn. This assumption receives vigorous opposition from the pro-choice activists, who
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Examples of this include rape and incest. The mystery is that this contradiction of abortion is permanently rooted in US culture and civilization, which cannot be eradicated by any radicalism. This compels the pro-life activists to modify their strategy of “all-or-nothing”, as stated in Ponnuru’s article 2006, to accommodate flexibility similar to that outlined by the law. It would be a step forward to a compromise and a resolution, and should be viewed the same by the pro-choice side ().
The determination of when the fetus is “human” and “nonhuman” remains controversial to this very day. According to Whitman, the writers of the US Constitution also failed to offer an answer to this question other than leaving it to moral interpretations and religious beliefs until1990s, the actual image of the fetus had never been known until people viewed ultrasound images. As Ponnuru writes, the early years of the debate it was common for advocates of legal abortion to dismiss the human fetus as a mere ‘blob of tissue’ or as ‘protoplasm 2006’. Unable to challenge this fundamental principle, the combatants in the abortion battle resort to science for aid. It is true that biology best explains the process of the beginning and development of living organisms. Life starts with fertilization of a single cell, which then undergoes natural cell divisions, and ends with the birth of the offspring (Carlin, 1991).
Both of these two camps