Visualization on How Self-Handicapping Can Lead to Procrastination and Low Self-Esteem

2375 Words Dec 7th, 2010 10 Pages
Visualization on how Self-Handicapping Can Lead to Procrastination and Low Self-Esteem

Self-esteem is the central component of every individual’s daily life experiences. Self esteem can be defined as a person’s evaluation of the self, e.g. “I am not satisfied with me” or “I like me.” We perform self-evaluations on ourselves everyday; it is a non conscious process where as only the individual knows the end result. Important domains affect us, and unimportant domains do not (things tailored specifically to the individual). When an individual experiences an emotional “gut feeling”, the individual feels either good or bad about themselves. As human beings, we have a fundamental need for motives of self inclusion (Franzoi 59). Self-esteem
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However, self-handicapping isn't necessarily a form of procrastination, which is: "To voluntarily delay an intended course of action despite expecting to be worse-off for the delay." Self-handicappers appear to be acting in their own self-interest, thinking they are protecting themselves from shame and humiliation.”

People with low self-esteem self-handicap with their goal being to just minimize failure, in order to maintain their low-self esteem. Dianne Tice and Joseph Ferarri’s study used an intelligence test to measure participant’s self esteem and the likelihood of self-handicap (76-81). The participants choose tapes to listen to while taking the test they were given; the tapes were labeled from “highly detracting” music to “highly enhancing”. The hypothesis proposed: Why would anyone choose “detracting”? The theory: Creates an external, unstable attribution for failure or for success. Researcher’s focused on: Which participants maintained self esteem when they fell short? Hypothesis: Low self-esteem in particular. The results when there was failure of the meaningful test administered was that those with low self-esteem chose more detracting tape, because they have low expectations of themselves, and will choose an attribution that will increase the chances of those low expectations being met, rather than run the risk of trying to do well on the task through choosing an “enhancing” tape, and

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