Unit 012: Principles Of Assessment In Lifelong Learning

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Unit 012 Principles Of Assessment In Lifelong Learning.

Introduction.
When teaching it is necessary assess the progress of the learner. As such it is important that the student understands the criteria against which they will be assessed and important for the teacher to use different methods of assessment and keep accurate records to track the progress of the student.

Different Types Of Assessment.
There are three main types of assessment and each has their place. An initial assessment at the beginning of a course or session is used to gauge a learner’s prior knowledge. A formative assessment is an on-going assessment to measure or reflect upon progress being made. Finally a summative assessment is required at the end of a course
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A test or questioning would be two good initial assessments as they can be used to gauge how much prior knowledge a learner has. They could also be used as formative assessments comparing the answers to the learner’s earlier answers to measure how far they have progressed. An observation makes for a good formative or summative assessment as it gives the learner the opportunity to demonstrate the skills and or knowledge they have gained, the drawback of an observation however is that the natural behaviour of anything being observed is likely to be altered by the observation. Assignments are another method of assessment, again they give the opportunity for the learner to demonstrate knowledge and can be used either as a formative or summative assessment. However they can be very intimidating if the learner struggles with putting concepts into words. Historically exams were used as a means of summative assessment, when organised correctly an exam is difficult to cheat and a good way to measure knowledge, the drawback however is that not everyone is suited to sitting exams. Nerves, environmental factors even the quality of sleep the night before could all effect the results. Below is a list of some other methods of assessment.

Case studies - Useful to make the learner think about the subject being studied.
Learning Journals - Useful to demonstrate what a learner is learning during the
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Self-assessment plays an important part in enhanced learning as by making the learner think about their own strengths and weaknesses it enables them to highlight those areas of skill or knowledge on which they need to work.

Record Keeping.
As a teacher it is very important to keep accurate records of assessment. The reasons for a particular record being kept maybe so as to monitor a particular learners progress from the time of the initial assessment to the time of the summative assessment at the end of the course. Awarding bodies will require certain records to show that a learner has attended classes, passed tests or exam or has completed assignments.

If a teacher neglects to keep records of assessments and learner losses their work it would be impossible for the teacher be able to prove they had planned for and assessed the learner’s efforts unless they had kept accurate and relevant

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