Theories And Differences Of Leadership In The Post-Bureaucratic Era

1030 Words 4 Pages
Leadership can be defined as the progression of motivating, inspiring and controlling staff and the work environment, towards their stated organisational goals.(1) Through the bureaucracy period which is a model of organization based upon rules, hierarchy, impersonality and a division of labour , are many theories/concepts including Autocratic leadership, the great person theory and Bureaucratic leadership. However on the other hand there is a contrasting perspective of leadership which has grown and rose through the post-bureaucracy, which involves behavioural theories, Servant leadership and transformational leadership. This essay will argue that leadership has changed in the post –bureaucratic era to a vital extent and to further develop …show more content…
However leadership has developed into a new business model more suited to today’s modern business environment. 4) Agrees with this statement as he further implies that leadership in the post bureaucracy era is now more based upon trust, empowerment, shared responsibility and personal treatment. This essay will discuss the differences of leadership theories and contexts within the corresponding eras and how leadership has changed from a bureaucratic perspective to a more fundamental viewpoint in the post bureaucratic era.
Leadership throughout the bureaucratic era is based upon official duties under a systematically hierarchy of authority, in which where rules for management and decision making are applied. In reference to (5), bureartic leadership was implemented into contexts such as the military, Government agencies and Universities in order to provide structure, stability and order. There are circumstantial advantages to this type of leadership as stated by (6) which are that it exerts
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The great man theory is the notion that 11) ‘great leaders are born and not made ‘, which emphases that these people must be special and can take control of a situation leading a group of people into safety or success. Also through 12) it is stated that these leaders have measurable internal characteristics which include physicality, personality, competencies and social skills. However according to 13) , he suggests that leaders were products of the society in which they lived in, and that their influences from society and individual tasks make them who they are as a leader. This point is further pinpointed through 14) behavioural theories which focus on observable behaviours seeking to identify how leaders act and suggests that leadership can be learned. 15) The three concepts in order an individual must learn and obtain to become an effective leader is technical skills, Human skills and conceptual skills. However although a person may obtain these skills it depends on the type of leadership style in which the person offers to explore. 16) For example, Steve Jobs with apple has an autocratic leadership which involves dictating methods, limited worker knowledge of goals, disciplinary feedback. Conversely, this has been changed throughout the post-beaurcratic era into a democratic style of leadership. Democratic

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