The Relationship Between South Korea And North Korea

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Over the long time and strong confrontation, South Korean President (1998-2002) Daejoong Kim set a goal of improvement of the relationship between South and North Korea. He proclaimed his so-called, ‘Sunshine Policy’ of reconciliation and cooperation. It means that South Korea should show its forward-looking position with good will and have to help North Korea choose a path of change. In other words, a positive circle of South Korea and North Korea’s relation will be connected with South Korea’s good will and North Korea’s good will.
This policy was influenced from two levels. First, individual level was President Kim himself, and second, state level was support of the U.S. Clinton administration. President Kim was famous for his democracy movement and peaceful protests against the military dictatorship of South Korea. When he elected for a president, he emphasized on a direct conversation between South Korea and North Korea. Thus, he suggested a summit to North Korea on inauguration day (Institute for Unification Education, 2016). At that time, the Clinton administration’s policy toward North Korea was ‘soft landing’. The U.S. sought for a slow change of the North Korea’s
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In 2005, the U.S. and North Korea were in conflict due to North Korea’s money laundering bank, Banco Delta Asia (BDA), and then the talks had been delayed. In 2005, in the middle of delaying, North Korea conducted their 1st nuclear test which brought international condemnation.
When a ‘2.13 agreement’ was made in 2007, it seemed that they got a clue to the solution of the problem. The agreement was composed of shutting down and disabling nuclear facilities in North Korea. In return, other nations consented to support one million tons of heavy fuel oil to North Korea. However, North Korea rejected the talk since 2009 because of UN Security Council’s presidential statement to blame the North Korea’s launch of a long-range rocket in April

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