The Relationship Between Personality And Health

763 Words 4 Pages
The relationship between personality and health spans multiple levels, and different models have addressed different aspects of this relationship. So far, most of the models available provide useful information to understand the effects of personality and stress on health. Below, I will discuss the models from personality psychology that could be used to integrate the effects of personality and stress on health outcomes.
The transactional stress moderation model (TSMM) states that personality influences the appraisal of stressful situations and coping responses, which affect the physiological responses to stress that contributes to the development of a disease (Smith & MacKenzie, 2006). The physiological responses to stress correspond the
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The lifespan approach was developed to create a better understanding of health at different times points, and to develop interventions that promote good health for individuals of all ages (Hampson & Friedman, 2010). The two general models mentioned in this approach, relevant to the relationship between personality and health are: the critical period model, and the accumulation model (Hampson & Friedman, 2010). The critical period model state that the exposure to risk factors in a critical period have more long standing effects than exposure during other points of development (Hampson & Friedman, 2010). In this model, and personality is conceptualized as the motivator to increase, or not, the likelihood of a risky behavior. Stress can be considered a type of risk factor in this model. On the other hand, the accumulation model state that the effects of exposure to risky factors is built up over the time (Hampson & Friedman, 2010). In some variants of these models, personality is understood as having an effect on the individual’s environment, similar to the TSMM. The accumulation models have also been applied to stress (e.g., allostasis model). The allostasis model states that the repeated and constant use of the autonomic, cardiovascular, and immune systems as a response to stress results in accumulation of allostatic load that can damage these systems (Hampson & Friedman, 2010). Although, the critical period and accumulation models address how dynamic individuals can be, it lacks of the precision that the TSMM provides for the personality, stress and health

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