Essay about The Prevalence Of Intellectual Disabilities

1706 Words Oct 20th, 2016 7 Pages
The authors classified the following as high prevalent disability: intellectual disabilities, learning disabilities, emotional or behavioral disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders and autism spectrum disorders. According to Raymond (2012) Intellectual disabilities “refers to significantly sub average general intellectual functioning existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period.” Furthermore, the IQ requirement the qualifies a student as intellectual disabled has changed over time, however it is currently at 70 > below being mild intellectual disability and moderate intellectual disability being 35 to 55, severe intellectual disability being 20 to 40 and profound intellectual disability being 25>below (Raymond, 2012) However, developmental disabilities have been categorized differently for instance, “a developmental disability is a severe, chronic, and a generalized impairment in functioning in a variety of areas such as physical development, cognitive development, communication development, social or emotional development, or adaptive development” (Raymond ,2012). Furthermore, the prevalence of intellectual disabilities is found to range between 1 to 3 percent (Raymond, 2012).
Conventionally when students are referred for services they are assessed by appropriate educators which can include school psychologists, general education teacher and/or special education teacher. After this process is…

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